The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable launch system and orbital spacecraft operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for human spaceflight missions. The system combined rocket launch, orbital spacecraft, and re-entry spaceplane with modular add-ons. The first of four orbital test flights occurred in 1981 leading to operational flights beginning in 1982. It was used on a total of 135 missions from 1981 to 2011 all launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida.
Major missions included launching numerous satellites, interplanetary probes, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), conducting space science experiments, and constructing and servicing the International Space Station. Major components included the orbiters, recoverable boosters, external tanks, payloads, and supporting infrastructure. Five space-worthy orbiters were built; two were lost in mission accidents.
The Space Shuttle at launch consisted of the Orbiter Vehicle (OV), one external tank (ET), and two Solid Rocket Boosters (SRBs). It was launched vertically like a conventional rocket with thrust from the two SRBs and three main engines. During launch, the external tank provided fuel for the orbiter's main engines. The SRBs and ET were jettisoned before the orbiter reached orbit. At the conclusion of the orbiter's space mission, it fired its thrusters to drop out of orbit and re-enter the lower atmosphere. The orbiter decelerated in the atmosphere before flying like a glider but with reaction control system thrusters before landing on a long runway. Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, Atlantis, and Endeavour were the space-capable orbiters that were built.
... STS-134 (ISS assembly flight ULF6) was the penultimate mission of NASA's Space Shuttle program ... The mission marked the 25th and last spaceflight of Space Shuttle Endeavour ... and an ExPRESS Logistics Carrier to the International Space Station ...
... Windows Buzz Aldrin's Race into Space 1992 Fritz Bronner, Michael McCarty Interplay DOS More of a turn-based strategy/management sim, with no space ... Windows, Mac OS X Lunar Explorer A Space Flight Simulator 1986 EduWare Electric Transit, Inc ... Windows Expansion pack for Microsoft Flight Simulator Microsoft Space Simulator 1994 Bruce Artwick Organization Ltd ...
... The history of space exploration has had a number of incidents that resulted in the deaths of the astronauts during a space mission ... in the line of duty are memorialized at the Space Mirror Memorial at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex in Merritt Island, Florida ... Viktor Patsayev Vladislav Volkov The crew of Soyuz 11 were killed after undocking from space station Salyut 1 after a three-week stay ...
... The U.S ... Postal Service has released several postage issues that depict the Space Shuttle ...
... Titan IIIE, Titan IV Blue Streak, Saturn I, Space Shuttle In service Earth Departure Stage United States Ares V In development Falcon 9 second stage United States (private) Falcon 9 In service Merlin 1C vacuum ...
Famous quotes containing the words shuttle and/or space:
“And the shuttle never falters, but to draw an encouraging conclusion
From this would be considerable, too odd. Why not just
Breathe in with the courage of each day, recognizing yourself as one
Who must with difficulty get down from high places?”
—John Ashbery (b. 1927)
“And Space with gaunt grey eyes and her brother Time
Wheeling and whispering come,”
—James Elroy Flecker (18841919)