South Australia

South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the continent; with a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi), it is the fourth largest of Australia's six states and two mainland territories.

South Australia shares borders with all of the mainland states and the Northern Territory. It is bordered to the west by Western Australia, to the north by the Northern Territory, to the north-east by Queensland, to the east by New South Wales, to the south-east by Victoria, and to the south by the Great Australian Bight and the Indian Ocean. With over 1.6 million people, the state comprises less than 8% of the Australian population and ranks fifth in population among the states and territories. The majority of its people reside in the state capital, Adelaide, with most of the remainder settled in fertile areas along the south-eastern coast and River Murray. The state's origins are unique in Australia as a freely settled, planned British province, rather than as a convict settlement. Official settlement began on 28 December 1836, when the colony was proclaimed at The Old Gum Tree by Governor John Hindmarsh.

The first settlement to be established was Kingscote, Kangaroo Island, on 26 July 1836, five months before Adelaide was founded. The guiding principle behind settlement was that of systematic colonisation, a theory espoused by Edward Gibbon Wakefield that was later employed by the New Zealand Company. The aim was to establish the province as a centre of civilisation for free immigrants, promising civil liberties and religious tolerance. Although its history is marked by economic hardship, South Australia has remained politically innovative and culturally vibrant. Today, the state is known as a state of festivals and of fine wine. The state's economy centres on the agricultural, manufacturing and mining industries and has an increasingly significant finance sector as well.

South Australia's Governor is Kevin Scarce and its Premier is Jay Weatherill of the Australian Labor Party.

Read more about South AustraliaHistory, Geography, Economy, Government, Places

Other articles related to "south australia, south, australia":

South Australia - Places
... Highway Riddoch Highway Stuart Highway Sturt Highway South Eastern Freeway Southern Expressway Western Australia Northern Territory Queensland Western ...
Prince Alfred College - Notable Alumni - Politics, Public Service and The Law
... architect and town planner, Perth Cory Bernardi (1969–), Senator for South Australia since 2006, also the youngest ever member of the Australian heavyweight rowing squad Sir John Lavington Bonython (1875 ...
Don Tallon - Pre-war Non-selection
... admitted to the Sheffield Shield in 1926–27, and the national selectors tended to choose Australia teams composed entirely of New South Welshmen, Victorians and South Australians ... New South Wales' Bert Oldfield was the incumbent wicket-keeper and had no plans to retire, while Victoria's Ben Barnett had been the reserve keeper on the 1934 tour of England ... South Australia's Charlie Walker was also talked of as a possible Test player ...
History Of South Australia - Establishing A Colony
... Captain Collet Barker, sent by New South Wales Governor Ralph Darling conducted a more thorough survey of the area in 1831, as recommended by Sturt ... to conclude in his 1833 report "It would appear that a spot has at last been found upon the south coast of New Holland to which the colonists might venture with every prospect of success...All who have ever ... agree as to the richness of its soil and the abundance of its pastures." In 1834 the South Australian Association, with the aid of such figures as George ...
History Of South Australia
... The history of South Australia refers to the history of the Australian State of South Australia and its preceding Indigenous and British colonial societies ... Aboriginal Australians have lived in South Australia for tens of thousands of years, while British colonists arrived in the 19th century to establish a "free colony", with no convict settlers ... became a cradle of democratic reform in Australia ...

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