South America

South America is a continent located in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. The continent is also considered a subcontinent of the Americas.

It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the northwest. It includes twelve independent countries - Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela - as well as French Guiana, which is an overseas region of France and the Falkland Islands of the United Kingdom. In addition to this, the ABC islands of the Netherlands may also be considered part of South America, as well as Trinidad and Tobago. The South American countries that border the Caribbean Sea - Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana - are also known as Caribbean South America.

South America has an area of 17,840,000 square kilometers (6,890,000 sq mi). Its population as of 2005 has been estimated at more than 371,090,000. South America ranks fourth in area (after Asia, Africa, and North America) and fifth in population (after Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America). The word America was coined in 1507 by cartographers Martin Waldseemüller and Matthias Ringmann, after Amerigo Vespucci, who was the first European to suggest that the lands newly discovered by Europeans were not India, but a New World unknown to Europeans.

Read more about South America:  Geography, Politics, Ethnic Demographics, Economy, Culture

Other articles related to "south america, south, america, americas":

United Nations System By Location - South America
... Chile Santiago Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. ...
South America - Culture - Language
... Portuguese (196,342,592 speakers) is the most spoken language in South America, followed by Spanish (193,243,411), which is the official language of most countries, along with other native ... Indigenous languages of South America include Quechua in Ecuador, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Colombia, and Bolivia Wayuunaiki in northern Colombia (La Guajira) Guaraní in ... At least three South American indigenous languages (Quechua, Aymara, and Guarani) are recognized along with Spanish as national languages ...
The Big Four (novel) - Plot Summary
... Captain Hastings visits Poirot and finds that Poirot is leaving for South America ... After an aborted start on Poirot's trip to South America, they return to the flat to find the man dead ... a Mr Claud Darrell looking suspicious as he has visited both China and America ...
February 15, 2003 Anti-war Protest - Americas - South America
... Protests took place across South America including Uruguay, where their protest took place on the day before February 15, Friday ...
Evidence Of Common Descent - Evidence From Geographical Distribution - Specific Examples - Distribution of Marsupials
... The earliest marsupial fossils are about 80 million years old and found in North America by 40 million years ago fossils show that they could be found throughout South America, but ... must be descended from the older ones found in the Americas ... says that between 30 and 40 million years ago South America and Australia were still part of the Southern hemisphere super continent of Gondwana and that they were connected by land that is ...

Famous quotes containing the words america and/or south:

    Whoever wants to know the heart and mind of America had better learn baseball, the rules and realities of the game.
    Jacques Barzun (b. 1907)

    To lib and die in Dixie!
    Away, away, away down South in Dixie!
    Daniel Decatur Emmett (1815–1904)