Mexico

Mexico (i/ˈmɛksɨkoʊ/; Spanish: México, ), officially the United Mexican States (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States of America; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost two million square kilometres (over 760,000 sq mi), Mexico is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the thirteenth largest independent nation in the world. With an estimated population of over 113 million, it is the world's eleventh most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country. Mexico is a federation comprising thirty-one states and a Federal District, the capital city.

In pre-Columbian Mexico many cultures matured into advanced civilizations such as the Olmec, the Toltec, the Teotihuacan, the Zapotec, the Maya and the Aztec before first contact with Europeans. In 1521, Spain conquered and colonized the territory from its base in México-Tenochtitlan, which was administered as the Viceroyalty of New Spain. This territory would eventually become Mexico following recognition of the colony's independence in 1821. The post-independence period was characterized by economic instability, the Mexican-American War and territorial cession to the United States, a civil war, two empires and a domestic dictatorship. The latter led to the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system. Elections held in July 2000 marked the first time that an opposition party won the presidency from the Institutional Revolutionary Party. Since 2006 the country has been in the midst of a drug war which has caused 60,000 deaths.

Mexico has one of the world's largest economies, and is considered both a regional power and middle power. In addition, Mexico was the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD (since 1994), and considered an upper-middle income country by the World Bank. Mexico is considered a newly industrialized country and an emerging power. It has the thirteenth largest nominal GDP and the eleventh largest GDP by purchasing power parity. The economy is strongly linked to those of its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, especially the United States. Mexico ranks sixth in the world and first in the Americas by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites with 31, and in 2007 was the tenth most visited country in the world with 21.4 million international arrivals per year.

Read more about Mexico:  Etymology, Administrative Divisions, Politics, Geography, Economy, Demographics, Culture, Health Care, Education, Law Enforcement

Other articles related to "mexico":

XHIE-TV
... broadcast network owned by TV Azteca, with affiliate stations all over Mexico all of which are owned and operated by TV Azteca ... Azteca Trece uses Mexico, Distrito Federal's XHDF as its flagship station and its channel as part of its name ... Azteca Trece programming is available in Mexico through SKY México and some Azteca Trece programming can be seen in Azteca America and Azteca Mexico on channel 442 on ...
XEDX-AM - External References
1590 Rosarito By AM frequency XEWW - 690 XEKAM - 950 XEPRS - 1090 Mexico Radio Markets Aguascalientes Baja California Baja California Sur Campeche Chihuahua Chiapas Ciudad Acuña, Coah ... Coahuila Colima Durango Guanajuato Guerrero Hidalgo Jalisco Mexicali Mexico City / Distrito Federal México Michoacán Morelos Nayarit Nogales, Son ... Zacatecas See also Radio stations in Mexico Tijuana Mexicali markets ...
Nogales, Arizona
... Nogales, Arizona, borders the city of Nogales, Sonora, Mexico, and is Arizona's largest international border town ... terminus of Interstate 19 is located in Nogales at the U.S.-Mexico border the highway continues south into Mexico as Mexico Federal Highway 15 ... United States a year in fresh produce and manufactured goods from Mexico and the world through the deep sea port in Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico ...
Oaxaca
... comprise the 32 federative entities of Mexico ... It is located in Southwestern Mexico ... These cultures have survived better than most others in Mexico due to the state’s rugged and isolating terrain ...
XHACC-TV
... a Mexican network owned by TV Azteca, with affiliate stations all over Mexico all of which are owned and operated by TV Azteca ... Azteca 7 uses Mexico, Distrito Federal's XHIMT as its flagship station and its channel as part of its name ... Azteca 7 programming is available in Mexico through SKY México ...

Famous quotes containing the word mexico:

    Is this what all these soldiers, all this training, have been for these seventy-nine years past? Have they been trained merely to rob Mexico and carry back fugitive slaves to their masters?
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    I think New Mexico was the greatest experience from the outside world that I have ever had.
    —D.H. (David Herbert)