Sistine Chapel (Latin: Sacellum Sixtinum; Italian: Cappella Sistina) is the best-known chapel in the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the Pope in the Vatican City. It is famous for its architecture and its decoration that was frescoed throughout by Renaissance artists including Michelangelo, Sandro Botticelli, Pietro Perugino, Pinturicchio and others. Under the patronage of Pope Julius II, Michelangelo painted 1,100 m2 (12,000 sq ft) of the chapel ceiling between 1508 and 1512. The ceiling, and especially The Last Judgment (1535–1541), is widely believed to be Michelangelo's crowning achievement in painting.
The chapel takes its name from Pope Sixtus IV, who restored the old Cappella Magna between 1477 and 1480. During this period a team of painters that included Pietro Perugino, Sandro Botticelli and Domenico Ghirlandaio created a series of frescoed panels depicting the life of Moses and the life of Christ, offset by papal portraits above and trompe l’oeil drapery below. These paintings were completed in 1482, and on 15 August 1483, Sixtus IV celebrated the first mass in the Sistine Chapel for the Feast of the Assumption, at which ceremony the chapel was consecrated and dedicated to the Virgin Mary.
Since the time of Sixtus IV, the chapel has served as a place of both religious and functionary papal activity. Today it is the site of the Papal conclave, the process by which a new Pope is selected.
Other articles related to "chapel, sistine chapel":
... at Padua and many others ranging from Benozzo Gozzoli's Magi Chapel for the Medici to Michelangelo's supreme accomplishment for Pope Julius II at the Sistine Chapel ... Giotto painted the large, free-standing Scrovegni Chapel in Padua with the Life of the Virgin and the Life of Christ ... Masaccio and Masolino collaborated on the Brancacci Chapel fresco cycle which is most famous for Masaccio's lifelike innovations, Masolino's more elegant style is seen in this townscape which ...
... Without having seen the Sistine Chapel one can form no appreciable idea of what one man is capable of achieving." —Johann Wolfgang Goethe, 23 August ...
... The morning session of the second day ended with the Sistine Chapel chimney emitting black smoke once again (even this time it was much lighter in the first few seconds experts say this was because the stove was ... At 1550 UTC, white smoke rose above the Sistine Chapel followed by the pealing of bells ten minutes later ... "All of a sudden, the whole Sistine Chapel was filled with smoke," Adrianus Johannes Simonis was quoted as saying by La Stampa and La Repubblica ...
... Type Fresco Dimensions 1370 cm × 1200 cm (539.3 in × 472.4 in) Location Sistine Chapel, Vatican City The Last Judgment is a canonical fresco by the Italian Renaissance master ... began working on it some twenty years after having finished the Sistine Chapel ceiling ...
... da Vinci's The Battle of Anghiari Detail The Creation of Adam Sistine Chapel ceiling 1508–1512 Fresco Sistine Chapel, Rome The Last Judgment 1534–1541 Fresco 1,370 cm × 1,200 cm (540 ...
Famous quotes containing the words chapel and/or sistine:
“One things certain. With a name like Abrahams, he wont be in the chapel choir, now will he?”
—Colin Welland (b. 1934)
“While Michael Angelos Sistine roof,
His Morning and his Night disclose
How sinew that has been pulled tight,
Or it may be loosened in repose,
Can rule by supernatural right
Yet be but sinew.”
—William Butler Yeats (18651939)