An election is a formal decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy has operated since the 17th century. Elections may fill offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government. This process is also used in many other private and business organizations, from clubs to voluntary associations and corporations.
The universal use of elections as a tool for selecting representatives in modern democracies is in contrast with the practice in the democratic archetype, ancient Athens. As the Elections were considered an oligarchic institution and most political offices were filled using sortition, also known as allotment, by which officeholders were chosen by lot.
Electoral reform describes the process of introducing fair electoral systems where they are not in place, or improving the fairness or effectiveness of existing systems. Psephology is the study of results and other statistics relating to elections (especially with a view to predicting future results).
To elect means "to choose or make a decision" and so sometimes other forms of ballot such as referendums are referred to as elections, especially in the United States.
|Part of the Politics series|
Read more about Election: History
Other articles related to "election, elections":
... In many countries with weak rule of law, the most common reason why elections do not meet international standards of being "free and fair" is interference from the incumbent government ... (police, martial law, censorship, physical implementation of the election mechanism, etc.) to remain in power despite popular opinion in favor of removal ... to prevent the balance of power in the body from shifting to a rival faction due to an election ...
... The United States presidential election of 1904 held on November 8, 1904, resulted in the election to a full term for President Theodore Roosevelt ... During the election campaign, Roosevelt called on the voters to support his "square deal" policies ... Roosevelt easily won the election, becoming the first person ever to assume the presidency upon the death of a president and later win election to a full ...
... of the Roman Council of 769, under Stephen IV, they had no right to a real share in a papal election ...
... He was not even a bishop at the time of his election, and had to be consecrated as one before his coronation ...
... The United States presidential election of 1920 was dominated by the aftermath of World War I and a hostile response to certain policies of ... remains the largest popular-vote percentage margin in presidential elections after the so-called "Era of Good Feelings" ended with the unopposed election ... This election was the first since the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment on August 18, 1920, and thus the first in which women had the right to vote in all 48 states (in the 1916 ...
Famous quotes containing the word election:
“[If not re-elected in 1864] then it will be my duty to so co-operate with the President elect, as to save the Union between the election and the inauguration; as he will have secured his election on such ground that he can not possibly save it afterwards.”
—Abraham Lincoln (18091865)
“The election makes me think of a story of a man who was dying. He had only two minutes to live, so he sent for a clergyman and asked him, Where is the best place to go to? He was undecided about it. So the minister told him that each place had its advantagesheaven for climate, and hell for society.”
—Mark Twain [Samuel Langhorne Clemens] (18351910)
“What a glorious time they must have in that wilderness, far from mankind and election day!”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)