An election is a formal decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy has operated since the 17th century. Elections may fill offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government. This process is also used in many other private and business organizations, from clubs to voluntary associations and corporations.
The universal use of elections as a tool for selecting representatives in modern democracies is in contrast with the practice in the democratic archetype, ancient Athens. As the Elections were considered an oligarchic institution and most political offices were filled using sortition, also known as allotment, by which officeholders were chosen by lot.
Electoral reform describes the process of introducing fair electoral systems where they are not in place, or improving the fairness or effectiveness of existing systems. Psephology is the study of results and other statistics relating to elections (especially with a view to predicting future results).
To elect means "to choose or make a decision" and so sometimes other forms of ballot such as referendums are referred to as elections, especially in the United States.
|Part of the Politics series|
Read more about Election: History
Other articles related to "election, elections":
... He was elected pope on 6 June 824 after the death of Paschal I ... The late pope had attempted to curb the rapidly increasing power of the Roman nobility, who had turned for support to the Franks to strengthen their positions against him ...
... He was not even a bishop at the time of his election, and had to be consecrated as one before his coronation ...
... The United States presidential election of 1920 was dominated by the aftermath of World War I and a hostile response to certain policies of Democratic president Woodrow ... the largest popular-vote percentage margin in presidential elections after the so-called "Era of Good Feelings" ended with the unopposed election of James Monroe in 1820 ... This election was the first since the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment on August 18, 1920, and thus the first in which women had the right to vote in all 48 states (i ...
... In many countries with weak rule of law, the most common reason why elections do not meet international standards of being "free and fair" is interference from the incumbent government ... of the executive (police, martial law, censorship, physical implementation of the election mechanism, etc.) to remain in power despite popular opinion in favor of removal ... from shifting to a rival faction due to an election ...
... The United States presidential election of 1904 held on November 8, 1904, resulted in the election to a full term for President Theodore Roosevelt ... During the election campaign, Roosevelt called on the voters to support his "square deal" policies ... Roosevelt easily won the election, becoming the first person ever to assume the presidency upon the death of a president and later win election to a full term of their own ...
Famous quotes containing the word election:
“Democracy substitutes election by the incompetent many for appointment by the corrupt few.”
—George Bernard Shaw (18561950)
“In the past, as now, Haitis curse has been her politicians. There are still too many men of influence in the country who believe that a national election is a mandate from the people to build themselves a big new house in Petionville and Kenscoff and a trip to Paris.”
—Zora Neale Hurston (18911960)
“The election makes me think of a story of a man who was dying. He had only two minutes to live, so he sent for a clergyman and asked him, Where is the best place to go to? He was undecided about it. So the minister told him that each place had its advantagesheaven for climate, and hell for society.”
—Mark Twain [Samuel Langhorne Clemens] (18351910)