Sikkim

Sikkim /ˈsɪkɨm/, also known as Shikim or Shikimpati, is a landlocked Indian state located in the Himalayan mountains. The state borders Nepal to the west, China's Tibet Autonomous Region to the north and east, and Bhutan to the southeast. The Indian state of West Bengal lies to the south.

With around 607,000 inhabitants as of 2011, Sikkim is the least populous state in India and the second-smallest state after Goa in total area, covering approximately 7,096 km2 (2,740 sq mi). Sikkim is nonetheless geographically diverse due to its location in the Himalayas; the climate ranges from subtropical to high alpine, and Kangchenjunga, the world's third-highest peak, is located on Sikkim's border with Nepal. Sikkim is a popular tourist destination, owing to its culture, scenery and biodiversity. It also has the only open land border between India and China. Sikkim's capital and largest city is Gangtok.

According to legend, the Buddhist saint Guru Rinpoche visited Sikkim in the 8th century AD, introduced Buddhism and foretold the era of the monarchy. Sikkim's Namgyal dynasty was established in 1642. Over the next 150 years, the kingdom witnessed frequent raids and territorial losses to Nepalese invaders. In the 19th century, it allied itself with the British rulers of India, but was soon annexed by them. Later, Sikkim became a British protectorate, before merging with India following a referendum on abolishing the monarchy in 1975.

Sikkim is the only state in India with an ethnic Nepali majority. Sikkim has 11 official languages: Nepali (which is its lingua franca), Bhutia, Lepcha, Limbu, Newari, Rai, Gurung, Mangar, Sherpa, Tamang and Sunwar. English is taught in schools and used in government documents. The predominant religions are Hinduism and Vajrayana Buddhism. Sikkim's economy is largely dependent on agriculture and tourism, and as of 2011 the state has the fourth-smallest GDP among Indian states, although it is also among the fastest-growing.

Read more about SikkimToponymy, Geography, Subdivisions, Flora and Fauna, Economy, Demographics, Culture, Government and Politics, Infrastructure, Media, Education

Other articles related to "sikkim":

Sikkim - Education
... Literacy in Sikkim is 69.68%, which breaks down into 76.73% for males and 61.46% for females ... Twelve colleges and other institutions in Sikkim offer higher education ... The largest institution is the Sikkim Manipal University of Technological Sciences, which offers higher education in engineering, medicine and management ...
State Assembly Elections In India, 2009 - Sikkim
... SN Party No ... of elected 1 Sikkim Democratic Front 2 ... Indian National Congress 0 Total 32 ...
Limbuwan Gorkha War - Gorkha-Sikkim War in Limbuwan 1775 AD
... In 1775 AD, the treaty was signed between Gorkha and Sikkim, but in the same year King Pratap Singh Shah, son of Prithivi Narayan Shah, invaded Sikkim through Taple Jong ... Under the leadership of Purna Alley Magar, they took over western Sikkim ... Rinzing and Chhangzat Chyok Thup became determined to drive away the Gorkhas from Sikkim and even from Limbuwan ...
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... Mahadev Temple, Legship, West Sikkim Ganesh Tok, Gangtok, Sikkim Hanuman Tok, Gangtok, Sikkim Thakurbari Temple, Gangtok, Sikkim SHRI MEHENDIPUR BALAJI KAROLI ...
Soshana Afroyim - Life - Second Journey Around The World
... visited the South Seas, the Caribbean, Thailand, Bali, Australia, India, Sikkim, Nepal, Afghanistan, Iran and Israel ... In 1969, royal house of Sikkim entrusted her with painting portraits of the king and the queen of Sikkim and the same year she became member of the Theosophical Society ...