A person is a being, such as a human, that has certain capacities or attributes constituting personhood, which in turn is defined differently by different authors in different disciplines, and by different cultures in different times and places.
In ancient Rome, the word "persona" (Latin) or "prosopon" (πρόσωπον: Greek) originally referred to the masks worn by actors on stage. The various masks represented the various "personae" in the stage play. The concept of a "person" was further developed during the Trinitarian and Christological debates of the first through sixth centuries. Since then, a number of important changes to the word's meaning and use have taken place, and attempts have been made to redefine the word with varying degrees of adoption and influence.
In addition to the question of personhood, of what makes a being count as a person to begin with, there are further questions about personal identity: both about what makes any particular person that particular person instead of another, and about what makes a person at one time the same person as he or she was or will be at another time despite any intervening changes.
The common plural of "person", "people", is often used to refer to an entire nation or ethnic group (as in "a people"), so the plural "persons" is often used in contexts which require precision such as philosophical and legal writing.
Other articles related to "person":
... An oath of fealty, from the Latin fidelitas (faithfulness), is a pledge of allegiance of one person to another ... In medieval Europe, fealty was sworn between two people, the obliged person (vassal) and a person of rank (lord) ...
... A person may perform the obligation on behalf of another sane adult person provided it is with their permission ... A person is required to make a separate sacrifice on behalf of himself and for others that he may sacrifice for ... A person owns 613.35g silver (19.71 troy ounces silver) and/ or 87.48g of gold or its value in cash or kind Is resident in his home town and not on journey Sacrifice of an animal ...
... lactose that can therefore be tolerated, varies from person to person ... poses no further threat to a person's health, the condition is managed by minimizing the occurrence and severity of symptoms ...
... Animal training, a person who trains animals for obedience, tricks, and work Horse trainer, a person responsible for preparing a horse for horse racing Personal trainer, a person who guides another ...
... part, section 43(a) states the following "Any person who, on or in connection with any goods or services, or any container for goods, uses in commerce ...
Famous quotes containing the word person:
“The only person really soiled with trade
I ever stumbled on in old New Hampshire
Was someone who had just come back ashamed
From selling things in California.”
—Robert Frost (18741963)
“Greed is a bottomless pit which exhausts the person in an endless effort to satisfy the need without ever reaching satisfaction.”
—Erich Fromm (19001980)
“It is easier for an artful Man, who is not in Love, to persuade his Mistress he has a Passion for her, and to succeed in his Pursuits, than for one who loves with the greatest Violence. True Love hath ten thousand Griefs, Impatiencies and Resentments, that render a Man unamiable in the Eyes of the Person whose Affection he sollicits.”
—Joseph Addison (16721719)