Roger Bacon - Works - Optics

The study of optics in part five of Opus Majus draws heavily on the works of both Claudius Ptolemy (his Optics in Arabic translation) and the Islamic scientists Alkindus (al-Kindi) and Alhazen (Ibn al-Haytham). He includes a discussion of the physiology of eyesight, the anatomy of the eye and the brain, and considers light, distance, position, and size, direct vision, reflected vision, and refraction, mirrors and lenses. His research in optics was primarily oriented by the legacy of Alhazen through a Latin translation of the latter's monumental Kitab al-manazir (De aspectibus; Perspectivae; The Optics), while the impact of the tradition of al-Kindi (Alkindus) was principally mediated through the influence that this Muslim scholar had on the optics of Robert Grosseteste. Moreover, Bacon's investigations of the properties of the magnifying glass partly rested on the handed-down legacy of Islamic opticians, mainly Alhazen, who was in his turn influenced by Ibn Sahl's 10th century legacy in dioptrics.

Read more about this topic:  Roger Bacon, Works

Other articles related to "optics":

Applications - Atmospheric Optics
... Mirages are optical phenomena in which light rays are bent due to thermal variations in the refraction index of air, producing displaced or heavily distorted images of distant objects ... Other dramatic optical phenomena associated with this include the Novaya Zemlya effect where the sun appears to rise earlier than predicted with a distorted shape ...
List Of People Considered Father Or Mother Of A Scientific Field - Natural Sciences - Physics and Astronomy
... method into physics with his Book of Optics (1021) Modern astronomy Nicolaus Copernicus Developed the first explicit heliocentric model in De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (1543) Modern physics Galileo Galilei ... the Rutherford atom model (1909) Nuclear science Marie Curie Pierre Curie Optics Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen) Correctly explained vision and carried out the first experiments on light and ...
Laser Physics (journal) - Topics Covered
... processes in atoms, molecules, and solids, Coherent phenomena and holography, Nonlinear and quantum optics, Ultrafast optics and strong-field physics ...
LAMOST - Optics
... The optics of LAMOST comprise two roughly rectangular mirrors, each made up of a number of 1.1-metre hexagonal deformable segments, providing a focal plane 1.75 metres in diameter corresponding to a ... Using active optics technique to control its reflecting corrector makes it a unique astronomical instrument in combining large aperture with wide field ...
Soliton (optics)
... In optics, the term soliton is used to refer to any optical field that does not change during propagation because of a delicate balance between nonlinear and linear effects in the medium ... Those solitons were discovered first and they are often simply referred as "solitons" in optics ...