A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament Greek ἐπίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained or consecrated member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican, Old Catholic, Independent Catholic Churches, and in the Assyrian Church of the East, bishops claim apostolic succession, a direct historical lineage dating back to the original Twelve Apostles. Within these churches, bishops are seen as those who posess the full priesthood and can ordain clergy including other bishops. Some Protestant churches including the Lutheran and Methodist churches have bishops serving similar functions as well, though not always understood to be within apostolic succession in the same way. It is the one ordained deacon, priest and then bishop who is understood to hold the fullness of the (ministerial) priesthood, given responsibility by Christ to govern, teach and sanctify the Body of Christ, members of the Faithful. Priests, deacons, and lay ministers cooperate and assist their bishop(s) in shepherding a flock.
The term epískopos was not from the earliest times clearly distinguished from the term presbýteros ("elder", "senior", nowadays used to signify a priest), but the term was already clearly used in the sense of the order or office of bishop, distinct from that of priest in the writings of Ignatius of Antioch (died c. 108), and sources from the middle of the 2nd century undoubtedly set forth that all the chief centres of Christianity recognized and had the office of bishop, using a form of organization that remained universal until the Protestant Reformation. During the early centuries of Christianity the title "pope" was applied generally to all bishops; it now has more specific meanings that vary between churches.
Other articles related to "bishop, bishops":
... On Easter 1689, Burnet was consecrated Bishop of Salisbury and three days later was sworn as chancellor of the Order of the Garter ... His office as bishop is noted for his liberal views and zealous discharge of duty ... Of the Athanasian Creed, the new Archbishop of Canterbury wrote to the new Bishop of Salisbury "I wish we were well rid of it" ...
... was founded in 1239 by Peter des Roches, a powerful politician, government official, and Bishop of Winchester from 1205–1238 ... The abbey was one of a pair the bishop conceived as a memorial to himself the other is La Clarté-Dieu in Saint-Paterne-Racan, France ... to settle the site on 25 July 1239 from neighbouring Beaulieu Abbey, a year after the bishop's death ...
... For bishops and archbishops in the Western world, do not use their episcopal or archiepiscopal title in the article name unless necessary for disambiguation ... used also by other articles, inserting (bishop) after is common, for example William Atwater (bishop) or George Douglas (bishop) ... If disambiguation is still necessary, use a form such as William Turner (bishop of Salford) (rather than William Turner, Bishop of Salford) – using the subject's ...
... The new bishop arrived in Calcutta on 10 October 1823, after a four-month journey ... installation by the Governor General, Lord Amherst, Heber preached his first sermon as bishop on Sunday 12 October, in St John's Cathedral Church ... death and from the long hiatus without a bishop ...
... There were 57 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.9% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.6% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older ...
Famous quotes containing the word bishop:
“Should we have stayed at home and thought of here?
Where should we be today?
Is it right to be watching strangers in a play
in this strangest of theatres?”
—Elizabeth Bishop (19111979)
“Think of the storm roaming the sky uneasily
like a dog looking for a place to sleep in,
listen to it growling.”
—Elizabeth Bishop (19111979)
“Passing through here in 1795, Bishop Asbury commented, The country improves in cultivation, wickedness, mills, and stills. Five years later, he held a meeting in the neighborhood and remarked that he thought most of the congregation had come to look at his wig.”
—Administration in the State of Sout, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)