Raphael - Drawings


Raphael was one of the finest draftsmen in the history of Western art, and used drawings extensively to plan his compositions. According to a near-contemporary, when beginning to plan a composition, he would lay out a large number of stock drawings of his on the floor, and begin to draw "rapidly", borrowing figures from here and there. Over forty sketches survive for the Disputa in the Stanze, and there may well have been many more originally; over four hundred sheets survive altogether. He used different drawings to refine his poses and compositions, apparently to a greater extent than most other painters, to judge by the number of variants that survive: "... This is how Raphael himself, who was so rich in inventiveness, used to work, always coming up with four or six ways to show a narrative, each one different from the rest, and all of them full of grace and well done." wrote another writer after his death. For John Shearman, Raphael's art marks "a shift of resources away from production to research and development".

When a final composition was achieved, scaled-up full-size cartoons were often made, which were then pricked with a pin and "pounced" with a bag of soot to leave dotted lines on the surface as a guide. He also made unusually extensive use, on both paper and plaster, of a "blind stylus", scratching lines which leave only an indentation, but no mark. These can be seen on the wall in The School of Athens, and in the originals of many drawings. The "Raphael Cartoons", as tapestry designs, were fully coloured in a glue distemper medium, as they were sent to Brussels to be followed by the weavers.

In later works painted by the workshop, the drawings are often painfully more attractive than the paintings. Most Raphael drawings are rather precise—even initial sketches with naked outline figures are carefully drawn, and later working drawings often have a high degree of finish, with shading and sometimes highlights in white. They lack the freedom and energy of some of Leonardo's and Michelangelo's sketches, but are nearly always aesthetically very satisfying. He was one of the last artists to use metalpoint (literally a sharp pointed piece of silver or another metal) extensively, although he also made superb use of the freer medium of red or black chalk. In his final years he was one of the first artists to use female models for preparatory drawings—male pupils ("garzoni") were normally used for studies of both sexes.

  • Study for soldiers in this Resurrection of Christ, ca 1500.

  • Putto carrying the Medici ring and feathers, 1512-14.

  • Sheet with study for the Alba Madonna and other sketches

  • Developing the composition for a Madonna and Child

Read more about this topic:  Raphael

Other articles related to "drawing, drawings":

Lussac-les-Châteaux - Prehistory
... arrow, a decorated awl, and a fragment of bone with a drawing of a horse and an ox ... Researchers have discovered a quantity of drawings on limestone slabs, dating from the Magdalenian period (15,000 BC) ... In addition to drawings of animals, there are a series of human figures (something rare for this time), including the bodies of pregnant women and male faces ...
Advance Steel - Features
... Clear workshop drawings, automatically labeled and dimensioned ... Automatic creation of general arrangement and shop drawings, fabrication drawings, fitting drawings, isometric views and fabrication drawings ... Drawing creation workflow management (revision control, automatic update, etc.) Automatic creation of lists / bills of materials and NC files ...
Summer (singer) - Visual Art Biography
... continuing her work on a series of pastel drawings of abstract female faces that depict a clear emotion ... She releases new drawings each month for sale from her website ... as "The Girls." She also often displays her drawings on stage during music performances ...
Langlois Bridge At Arles (Van Gogh Series) - Drawings
... him a copy of Armand Cassagne's "Guide to the Alphabet of Drawing." His request was generated by an interest to return to foundational drawing practices, such as his use of a perspective ... adopting, clearly showing his use of sketching and drawing as a preliminary to his painting ...
Langlois Bridge At Arles (Van Gogh Series) - Background - Arles
... he made the Langlois Bridge paintings and drawings ... It was a prolific time for Van Gogh in less than 15 months he made about 100 drawings, produced more than 200 paintings and wrote more than 200 letters ... training from the Netherlands, most notably with the use of a reed pen for his drawings ...

Famous quotes containing the word drawings:

    I get a little Verlaine
    for Patsy with drawings by Bonnard although I do
    think of Hesiod, trans. Richmond Lattimore or
    Brendan Behan’s new play or Le Balcon or Les Negres
    of Genet, but I don’t, I stick with Verlaine
    after practically going to sleep with quandariness
    Frank O’Hara (1926–1966)

    My drawings have been described as pre-intentionalist, meaning that they were finished before the ideas for them had occurred to me. I shall not argue the point.
    James Thurber (1894–1961)

    The pleasures of the imagination are as it were only drawings and models which are played with by poor people who cannot afford the real thing.
    —G.C. (Georg Christoph)