A prisoner of war (POW, PoW, PW, P/W, WP, PsW, enemy prisoner of war (EPW) or "Missing-Captured") is a person, whether civilian or combatant, who is held in custody by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. The earliest recorded usage of the phrase is dated 1660.
Captor states hold captured combatants and non-combatants in continuing custody for a range of legitimate and illegitimate reasons. They are held to isolate them from combatants still in the field, to release and repatriate them in an orderly manner after hostilities, to demonstrate military victory, to punish them, to prosecute them for war crimes, to exploit them for their labor, to recruit or even conscript them as their own combatants, to collect military and political intelligence from them, and to indoctrinate them in new political or religious beliefs.
Other articles related to "prisoner of war, war, prisoners, prisoner":
... After the Second World War broke out, in 1940 Turner enlisted in the Royal Artillery as a Gunner, equivalent to a Private ... as an officer, but was captured by Japanese forces in early 1942 and held as a prisoner of war ... forced him to work on the Burma Road Turner gave lectures on politics to other prisoners of war during his captivity ...
... information to relay to these contacts and helped organise prisoner escapes with Filipino guerrillas ... In 1946 his body was exhumed and laid to rest in the Labuan War Cemetery in grave J.B.15 ...
... the highest number of POWs since the start of World War II, listed in descending order ... These are also the highest numbers in any war since the Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War entered into force on 19 June 1931 ... Union 4–5.7 million taken by Germany (2.7–3.3 million died in German POW camps) World War II (Total) Nazi Germany 3,127,380 taken by USSR (474,967 died in captivity) (acc ...
4, 1942, he was shot down over Bizerte, North Africa, and spent two and a half years as a prisoner of war in Stalag Luft III ... the enemy, he was selected for the "escape committee" by fellow prisoners ... in April 1945, Jones was commended for leadership among his fellow prisoners ...
Famous quotes containing the words prisoner of, war and/or prisoner:
“I am prisoner of a gaudy and unlivable present, where all forms of human society have reached an extreme of their cycle and there is no imagining what new forms they may assume.”
—Italo Calvino (19231985)
“Many of our German friends before the war would come as our guest to hunt wild pig. I refused to invite Goering. I could not tolerate his killing a wild pig seemed too much like brother against brother.”
—Joseph L. Mankiewicz, U.S. director, screenwriter. Joseph L. Mankiewicz. Countess (Danielle Darrieux)
“We are no more free agents than the queen of clubs when she victoriously takes prisoner the knave of hearts.”
—Mary Wortley, Lady Montagu (16891762)