Pressure

Pressure (the symbol: p) is the ratio of force to the area over which that force is distributed. In other words, pressure is force per unit area applied in a direction perpendicular to the surface of an object. Gauge pressure (also spelled gage pressure) is the pressure relative to the local atmospheric or ambient pressure. While pressure may be measured in any unit of force divided by any unit of area, the SI unit of pressure (the newton per square metre) is called the pascal (Pa) after the seventeenth-century philosopher and scientist Blaise Pascal. A pressure of 1 Pa is small; it approximately equals the pressure exerted by a dollar bill resting flat on a table. Everyday pressures are often stated in kilopascals (1 kPa = 1000 Pa).

Read more about Pressure:  Definition

Other articles related to "pressure, pressures":

Pascal (unit) - Uses - Hectopascal and Millibar Units
... Meteorologists worldwide have for a long time measured atmospheric pressure in bars, which was originally equivalent to the average air pressure on Earth the bar was divided into a thousand ... the introduction of SI units, many preferred to preserve the customary pressure figures ... which is only slightly lower than standard air pressure on Earth ...
Pascal (unit) - Uses
... The pascal (Pa) or kilopascal (kPa) as a unit of pressure measurement is widely used throughout the world and has largely replaced the pounds per square inch (psi) unit, except in some countries that ... Other, older units of measure occasionally used for pressure are millimeters of mercury (Torr) and millimetres of water (1.0 mmH2O = 9.80665 Pa) ... In the cgs system, the unit of pressure is the barye (symbol ba), which is equal to one decipascal ...
High Pressure
... High pressure in science and engineering is studying the effects of high pressure on materials and the design and construction of devices, such as a diamond anvil cell, which can create high pressure ... By high pressure it is usually meant pressures of thousands (kilobars) or millions (megabars) of times atmospheric pressure (about 1 bar or 100,000 Pa) ... prize for advancing this area of physics by several magnitudes of pressure (400 MPa to 40,000 MPa) ...
Types - Kinematic Pressure
... is the kinematic pressure, where is the pressure and constant mass density ... Kinematic pressure is used in the same manner as kinematic viscosity in order to compute Navier-Stokes equation without explicitly showing the density ...
Pascal (unit)
... The pascal (symbol Pa) is the SI derived unit of pressure, internal pressure, stress, Young's modulus and tensile strength, named after the French mathematician ... On Earth, standard atmospheric pressure is 101 325 Pa ... Meteorological barometric pressure reports typically report atmospheric pressure in hectopascals ...

Famous quotes containing the word pressure:

    Osteopath—One who argues that all human ills are caused by the pressure of hard bone upon soft tissue. The proof of his theory is to be found in the heads of those who believe it.
    —H.L. (Henry Lewis)

    Destiny is an absolutely definite and inexorable ruler. Physical ability and moral determination count for nothing. It is impossible to perform the simplest act when the gods say “no.” I have no idea how they bring pressure to bear on such occasions; I only know that it is irresistible.
    Aleister Crowley (1875–1947)

    Today’s pressures on middle-class children to grow up fast begin in early childhood. Chief among them is the pressure for early intellectual attainment, deriving from a changed perception of precocity. Several decades ago precocity was looked upon with great suspicion. The child prodigy, it was thought, turned out to be a neurotic adult; thus the phrase “early ripe, early rot!”
    David Elkind (20th century)