Papen

Papen

Lieutenant-Colonel Franz Joseph Hermann Michael Maria von Papen zu Köningen ( ) (29 October 1879 – 2 May 1969) was a German nobleman, General Staff officer and politician. He served as Chancellor of Germany in 1932 and as Vice-Chancellor under Adolf Hitler in 1933–1934. He belonged to the group of close advisers to president Paul von Hindenburg in the late Weimar Republic. It was largely Papen, believing that Hitler could be controlled once he was in the government, who persuaded Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as Chancellor in a cabinet not under Nazi Party domination. However, Papen and his allies were quickly marginalised by Hitler and he left the government after the Night of the Long Knives, during which some of his confidants were killed by the Nazis.

Read more about Papen:  Background, World War I, Inter-war Years, World War II, Post-war Years, Publications, In Popular Culture, See Also

Other articles related to "papen":

Machtergreifung - Prelude
1932 President Hindenburg, urged by Schleicher, appointed the non-partisan Franz von Papen chancellor, who strove for collaboration with the Nazis to use their popularity with the masses for himself ... Since Papen had courted the Nazis, he did not forbid the NSDAP as a seditious party, though the Boxheimer Dokumente written by Werner Best and leaked to the Hesse State Police in 1931 revealed plans for ... Instead Papen and Hindenburg instigated the Preußenschlag overthrow in the Free State of Prussia, deposing the democratic state government under Minister President Otto Braun, who was ...
Marburg Speech - Literature
... "Rede des Vizekanzlers von Papen vor dem Universitätsbund, Marburg, am 17 Juni 1934", in Edmund Forschbach Edgar J ... "Rede des Vizekanzlers von Papen vor dem Universitätsbund, Marburg, am 17 Juni 1934", in Sebastian Maaß Die andere deutsche Revolution ... "Vice-Chancellor Franz von Papen's Marburg Speech A Call for More Freedom, June 17, 1934" (English-language translation), in Louis L ...
Marburg Speech
... (German Marburger Rede) was an address given by German vice chancellor Franz von Papen at the University of Marburg on June 17, 1934 ... Papen, encouraged by President Paul von Hindenburg, spoke out publicly about the excesses of the Nazi regime, whose ascent to power, 17 months earlier when ... In his speech von Papen called for an end of the Nazi terror and the clamoring for a "second revolution" by the Sturmabteilung (SA – the Nazi Party storm troopers), and a return to dignity and ...
Papen - References - Bibliography
... Jones, Larry Eugene (2005), "Franz von Papen, the German Center Party, and the Failure of Catholic Conservatism in the Weimar Republic", Central European History 38 (2) 191–21 ...
Preußenschlag
... was one of the last major republican forces against Reichskanzler Franz von Papen ... However, Papen also lacked majority support in the Reichstag ... through presidential emergency powers and the decrees issued by the senile Hindenburg, over whom Papen had great influence ...