Orchestra

An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble that contains sections of string, brass, woodwind, and percussion instruments. The term orchestra derives from the Greek ορχήστρα, the name for the area in front of an ancient Greek stage reserved for the Greek chorus. The orchestra grew by accretion throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, but changed very little in composition during the course of the 20th century.

A smaller-sized orchestra for this time period (of about fifty musicians or fewer) is called a chamber orchestra. A full-size orchestra (about 100 musicians ) may sometimes be called a "symphony orchestra" or "philharmonic orchestra"; these modifiers do not necessarily indicate any strict difference in either the instrumental constitution or role of the orchestra, but can be useful to distinguish different ensembles based in the same city (for instance, the London Symphony Orchestra and the London Philharmonic Orchestra). A symphony orchestra will usually have over eighty musicians on its roster, in some cases over a hundred, but the actual number of musicians employed in a particular performance may vary according to the work being played and the size of the venue. A leading chamber orchestra might employ as many as fifty musicians; some are much smaller than that. Orchestras can also be found in schools. The term concert orchestra may sometimes be used (e.g., BBC Concert Orchestra; RTÉ Concert Orchestra)—no distinction is made on size of orchestra by use of this term, although their use is generally distinguished as for live concert. As such they are commonly chamber orchestras.


Read more about Orchestra:  Instrumentation, Organization, Conductorless Orchestras, Multiple Conductors, Other Meanings of orchestra

Other articles related to "orchestra":

Orchestra - Other Meanings of orchestra
... In Ancient Greece, the orchestra was the space between the auditorium and the proscenium (or stage), in which were stationed the chorus and the instrumentalists ... The word orchestra literally means "a dancing place" ... In some theaters, the orchestra is the area of seats directly in front of the stage (called primafila or platea) the term more properly applies to the place in a theatre, or concert hall reserved for the ...
SCO - Orchestras
... Scottish Chamber Orchestra Singapore Chinese Orchestra Single Cell Orchestra ...
Harrison Birtwistle - List of Major Works - Other Works
... Side, A Dramatic Pastoral (1968–69) The Triumph of Time (1971), orchestra Grimethorpe Aria (1973), brass band Silbury Air (1976–77), chamber orchestra Bow Down (1977), chamber opera ...
Orchestre De Chambre De Lausanne
... The Orchestre de Chambre de Lausanne (Lausanne Chamber Orchestra) is a Swiss chamber orchestra based in Lausanne, Switzerland ... violinist and conductor Victor Desarzens founded the orchestra in 1942, and served as its first artistic director for 30 years ... Noted guest conductors with the orchestra included Otto Ackermann, Ernest Ansermet, and Ernst Bour, as well as the composers Paul Hindemith and Frank Martin ...
Trey Anastasio - Composer Work
... also demonstrated skill at composing chamber music and music for orchestra, most notably on Seis De Mayo, his second solo album, and in his collaborations with the Vermont Youth Orchestra ... On September 27, 2008, Anastasio and Orchestra Nashville premiered a new work titled Time Turns Elastic, an original long-form piece that was orchestrated by composer and ... Anastasio previously collaborated with Hart and Orchestra Nashville in his orchestral performance of "Guyute" at Bonnaroo 2004 ...

Famous quotes containing the word orchestra:

    As the artist
    extends his world with
    one gratuitous flourish—a stroke of white or
    a run on the clarinet above the
    bass tones of the orchestra ...
    Denise Levertov (b. 1923)

    “Pop” Wyman ruled here with a firm but gentle hand; no drunken man was ever served at the bar; no married man was allowed to play at the tables; across the face of the large clock was written “Please Don’t Swear,” and over the orchestra appeared the gentle admonition, “Don’t Shoot the Pianist—He’s Doing His Damndest.”
    —Administration in the State of Colo, U.S. public relief program. Colorado: A Guide to the Highest State (The WPA Guide to Colorado)