An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organization or government and participates in the exercise of authority (either his own or that of his superior and/or employer, public or legally private).
A government official or functionary is an official who is involved in public administration or government, through either election, appointment, selection, or employment. A bureaucrat is a member of the bureaucracy. An elected official is a person who is an official by virtue of an election. Officials may also be appointed ex officio (by virtue of another office, often in a specified capacity, such as presiding, advisory, secretary). Some official positions may be inherited.
A person who currently holds an office is referred to as an incumbent.
The word official as a noun has been recorded since the Middle English period, first seen in 1314. It comes from the Old French official (12th century), from the Latin officialis ("attendant to a magistrate, public official"), the noun use of the original adjective officialis ("of or belonging to duty, service, or office") from officium ("office"). The meaning "person in charge of some public work or duty" was first recorded in 1555. The adjective is first attested in English in 1533, via the Old French oficial.
The informal term officialese, the jargon of "officialdom", was first recorded in 1884.
Other articles related to "official":
... The VR official was one of three postage stamps introduced by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in May 1840 for the pre-payment of postage ... for use by the general public, as were the Mulready envelopes and letter sheets, the VR official was for use on official mail ... In appearance the VR Official was the same as the issued Penny Black except that the stars in the top corners were removed and replaced by the letters V and R, hence its common name ...
... KKPS Local Tejano Music Que Pasa 99.5 Official Site KNVO-FM Romantica 101.1 Official Site KVLY Mix 107.9 (Adult Contemporary)Official Site KFRQ The Q 94.5 (Classi ...
... a major reason for doubt is the fact that the Navy kept the full transcript of its official hearing and final report secret ... recalls that at the height of the Palestine controversy, his (the associate's) official limousine was followed to and from his office by a blue sedan containing two men ... embassy in order to demonstrate that the official involved was in close contact with Arab representatives." Columnists Drew Pearson and Walter Winchell led a press ...
... The official winners were Aileen Ritter and Truett Scarborough ... On September 22, 1984, the Demon received his official given name by means of another contest sponsored by the Athletic Department ... Ray Carney, an alumnus of the university, was the official winner with "Vic," which is short for "Victory" ...
... include Philips – Main Sponsor Nike – Official Partner Mercedes-Benz – Official Partner Bavaria – Official Partner Rabobank – Official Partner BDO International ...
Famous quotes containing the word official:
“We were that generation called silent, but we were silent neither, as some thought, because we shared the periods official optimism nor, as others thought, because we feared its official repression. We were silent because the exhilaration of social action seemed to many of us just one more way of escaping the personal, of masking for a while that dread of the meaningless which was mans fate.”
—Joan Didion (b. 1935)
“All official institutions of language are repeating machines: school, sports, advertising, popular songs, news, all continually repeat the same structure, the same meaning, often the same words: the stereotype is a political fact, the major figure of ideology.”
—Roland Barthes (19151980)
“The honor my country shall never be stained by an apology from me for the statement of truth and the performance of duty; nor can I give any explanation of my official acts except such as is due to integrity and justice and consistent with the principles on which our institutions have been framed.”
—Andrew Jackson (17671845)