An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organization or government and participates in the exercise of authority (either his own or that of his superior and/or employer, public or legally private).
A government official or functionary is an official who is involved in public administration or government, through either election, appointment, selection, or employment. A bureaucrat is a member of the bureaucracy. An elected official is a person who is an official by virtue of an election. Officials may also be appointed ex officio (by virtue of another office, often in a specified capacity, such as presiding, advisory, secretary). Some official positions may be inherited.
A person who currently holds an office is referred to as an incumbent.
The word official as a noun has been recorded since the Middle English period, first seen in 1314. It comes from the Old French official (12th century), from the Latin officialis ("attendant to a magistrate, public official"), the noun use of the original adjective officialis ("of or belonging to duty, service, or office") from officium ("office"). The meaning "person in charge of some public work or duty" was first recorded in 1555. The adjective is first attested in English in 1533, via the Old French oficial.
The informal term officialese, the jargon of "officialdom", was first recorded in 1884.
Other articles related to "official":
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... currently has sponsorship deals with include Philips – Main Sponsor Nike – Official Partner Mercedes-Benz – Official Partner Bavaria – Official Partner ...
... The VR official was one of three postage stamps introduced by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in May 1840 for the pre-payment of postage ... public, as were the Mulready envelopes and letter sheets, the VR official was for use on official mail ... In appearance the VR Official was the same as the issued Penny Black except that the stars in the top corners were removed and replaced by the letters V and R, hence its common name ...
40–44), a major reason for doubt is the fact that the Navy kept the full transcript of its official hearing and final report secret ... Palestine controversy, his (the associate's) official limousine was followed to and from his office by a blue sedan containing two men ... occupant entering or leaving an Arab embassy in order to demonstrate that the official involved was in close contact with Arab representatives." Columnists Drew Pearson and Walter Winchell led a press ...
... The official winners were Aileen Ritter and Truett Scarborough. 22, 1984, the Demon received his official given name by means of another contest sponsored by the Athletic Department ... Ray Carney, an alumnus of the university, was the official winner with "Vic," which is short for "Victory" ...
Famous quotes containing the word official:
“I thought it altogether proper that I should take a brief furlough from official duties at Washington to mingle with you here to-day as a comrade, because every President of the United States must realize that the strength of the Government, its defence in war, the army that is to muster under its banner when our Nation is assailed, is to be found here in the masses of our people.”
—Benjamin Harrison (18331901)
“All official institutions of language are repeating machines: school, sports, advertising, popular songs, news, all continually repeat the same structure, the same meaning, often the same words: the stereotype is a political fact, the major figure of ideology.”
—Roland Barthes (19151980)
“The honor my country shall never be stained by an apology from me for the statement of truth and the performance of duty; nor can I give any explanation of my official acts except such as is due to integrity and justice and consistent with the principles on which our institutions have been framed.”
—Andrew Jackson (17671845)