North Yemen

North Yemen is a term used to designate the Yemen Arab Republic (1962–1990), its predecessor, the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen (1918–1962), and their predecessors that exercised sovereignty over the territory that is now the north-western part of the state of Yemen in southern Arabia.

Neither state ever self-designated as "North Yemen" and the term only came into general use when the Federation of South Arabia gained independence as the People's Republic of Yemen in 1967 making such a distinction necessary. Prior to 1967, both states were known in short form simply as "Yemen." In 1970, South Yemen changed its name to the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen thus eliminating any directional reference in either of the Yemens' official names but the existence of two Yemens preserved the North Yemen and South Yemen designations in popular parlance. Alternate forms were "Yemen (Sanaa)" for North Yemen and "Yemen (Aden)" for South Yemen after their respective capital cities.

The merger of the two Yemens in 1990 ended the term's association with an independent state but "North Yemen" continues to be used to refer to the area of the former Yemen Arab Republic and its history and, anachronistically, to pre-1967 polities and events (e.g., the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen or the North Yemen Civil War).

Read more about North Yemen:  Basic Information

Other articles related to "north yemen, yemen, yemens, north":

Mikoyan-Gurevich Mi G-21 Operators - Former Operators - North Yemen
... Yemen Arab Republic Air Force (North Yemen) ... Following the brief invasion by South Yemen and the subsequent intermittent fighting, the USSR supplied an additional 45 new MiG-21MF fighters and MiG-21UM ... Any MiG-21MFs and UMs that survived into 1990 were transferred to the new Yemen Air Force following unification of the two Yemens in 1990 ...
North Yemen - Basic Information
... sq mi) Language Arabic Capital Sana'a Currency North Yemeni rial Calling code +967 ISO Country Codes YE, YEM, 886 Historical dates Independence from the Ottoman Empire November 1, 1918 Admitted to the ...
North Yemen Civil War
... The North Yemen Civil War (Arabic ثورة 26 سبتمبر) was fought in North Yemen between royalists of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen and factions of the Yemen Arab Republic from 1962 to 1970 ... the newly crowned Imam al-Badr and declared Yemen a republic under his presidency ... involvement and began to pull his forces out of Yemen ...
Modern History Of Yemen - Relations Between The North Yemen and The South Yemen
... Unlike East and West Germany, the two Yemens remained relatively friendly, though relations were often strained ... However, in October 1972 fighting erupted between the North Yemen and the South Yemen North Yemen supplied by Saudi Arabia and South Yemen by the USSR ... Fighting broke out again in February and March 1979, with South Yemen allegedly supplying aid to rebels in the north through the National Democratic Front and crossing the border ...
List Of Proposed State Mergers - Historic - 20th Century
... North Borneo Federation Kingdom of Sarawak British North Borneo Protectorate of Brunei 1956-1960 No Polish-Czechoslovak confederation Czechoslovakia ... United Arab States United Arab Republic North Yemen 1958 Yes (8 March 1958 - 26 December 1961) Loose confederation between United Arab Republic and North Yemen ... Vietnam North Vietnam South Vietnam 1976 Yes Yemen North Yemen South Yemen 1990 Yes Kingdom of Yugoslavia Kingdom of Montenegro Kingdom of Serbia State ...

Famous quotes containing the word north:

    We have heard all of our lives how, after the Civil War was over, the South went back to straighten itself out and make a living again. It was for many years a voiceless part of the government. The balance of power moved away from it—to the north and the east. The problems of the north and the east became the big problem of the country and nobody paid much attention to the economic unbalance the South had left as its only choice.
    Lyndon Baines Johnson (1908–1973)