Natural Evil

Natural evil, or surd evil, is a term generally used in discussions of the problem of evil and theodicy that refers to states of affairs which, considered in themselves, are to be avoided and not to be promoted, and for which no agent is morally responsible. It stands in contrast to moral evil. Both natural and moral evil are a challenge to religious believers. Many atheists claim that natural evil is proof that there is no God, at least not an omnipotent, omnibenevolent one, as such a being would not allow such evil to happen to his/her creation. However, the deist position states that intervention by God to prevent such actions (or any intervention) is not an attribute of God. Religious people claim that natural evil exists to maintain a balance in the universe; without these occurrences, the universe could not exist.

Read more about Natural EvilNature of Natural Evil, Natural Versus Moral Evil

Other articles related to "natural evil, natural, evil, evils":

Arthur Peacocke - Peacocke's Views - Natural Evil As Necessity
... The natural-evil-as-necessity argument is meant to be a response to the classic philosophical argument of the Problem of Evil, which contends that an all-powerful, all-knowing and ... Peacocke also takes an eastern argument for natural evil of that which made must be unmade for a new making to occur there is no creation without ... pain, suffering and death are necessary evils in a universe which will result in beings capable of having a relationship with God ...
Natural Evil - Natural Versus Moral Evil
... out that the value judgement required in order to declare the 1755 Lisbon earthquake a natural evil ignored the fact that the human endeavour of the ... The question of whether natural disasters such as hurricanes might be natural or moral evil is complicated by new understandings of the effects, such as global ... espoused by Alvin Plantinga, is that everything that appears at first glance to be natural evil could in fact be moral evil committed by freely acting supernatural beings, such as ...

Famous quotes containing the words evil and/or natural:

    Evil passions and evil inclinations are much more dangerous than evil books. The sensualist will extract poison from the purest page, the modest can blush without being corrupted.
    —“Colimetis,” U.S. women’s magazine contributor. American Ladies Magazine, pp. 145-7 (April, 1828)

    Reason is natural revelation, whereby the eternal father of light, and fountain of all knowledge, communicates to mankind that portion of truth which he has laid within the reach of their natural facilities: Revelation is natural reason enlarged by a new set of discoveries communicated by God immediately, which reason vouches the truth of, by the testimony and proofs it gives, that they come from God.
    John Locke (1632–1704)