Natural evil, or surd evil, is a term generally used in discussions of the problem of evil and theodicy that refers to states of affairs which, considered in themselves, are to be avoided and not to be promoted, and for which no agent is morally responsible. It stands in contrast to moral evil. Both natural and moral evil are a challenge to religious believers. Many atheists claim that natural evil is proof that there is no God, at least not an omnipotent, omnibenevolent one, as such a being would not allow such evil to happen to his/her creation. However, the deist position states that intervention by God to prevent such actions (or any intervention) is not an attribute of God. Religious people claim that natural evil exists to maintain a balance in the universe; without these occurrences, the universe could not exist.
Other articles related to "natural evil, natural, evil, evils":
... in order to declare the 1755 Lisbon earthquake a natural evil ignored the fact that the human endeavour of the construction and organization of the city of Lisbon was ... The question of whether natural disasters such as hurricanes might be natural or moral evil is complicated by new understandings of the effects, such as global warming, of our collective actions on ... espoused by Alvin Plantinga, is that everything that appears at first glance to be natural evil could in fact be moral evil committed by freely acting supernatural beings, such as fallen angels ...
... The natural-evil-as-necessity argument is meant to be a response to the classic philosophical argument of the Problem of Evil, which contends that an all-powerful, all-knowing and beneficent God cannot exist as such ... Peacocke also takes an eastern argument for natural evil of that which made must be unmade for a new making to occur there is no creation without destruction ... Thus, pain, suffering and death are necessary evils in a universe which will result in beings capable of having a relationship with God ...
Famous quotes containing the words evil and/or natural:
“Good and evil are so close as to be chained together in the soul. Now suppose we could break that chain, separate those two selves. Free the good in man and let it go on to its higher destiny.”
—John Lee Mahin (19021984)
“All is changed. All looks strange to me and gives me a feeling which I would rather get away from, although I know it to be the carrying out of natural laws. And I am not complaining. I am doing the same as many old people have done, I suppose, who have led an active life and suddenly find themselves living without a purpose. Oh, my heart is so full. I could write a big book on the subject of going out of this world gracefully.”
—Maria D. Brown (18271927)