God usually refers to the single deity in monotheism or the monist deity in pantheism. God is often conceived of as the supernatural creator and overseer of humans and the universe. Theologians have ascribed a variety of attributes to the many different conceptions of God. The most common among these include omniscience (infinite knowledge), omnipotence (unlimited power), omnipresence (present everywhere), omnibenevolence (perfect goodness), divine simplicity, and eternal and necessary existence.
God has also been conceived as being incorporeal (immaterial), a personal being, the source of all moral obligation, and the "greatest conceivable existent". These attributes were supported to varying degrees by the early Jewish, Christian and Muslim theologian philosophers. Many notable medieval philosophers and modern philosophers have developed arguments for and against the existence of God.
There are many names for God, and different names are attached to different cultural ideas about who God is and what attributes he possesses. In the Hebrew Bible "I Am that I Am," and the "Tetragrammaton" YHVH are used as names of God, while Yahweh, and Jehovah are sometimes used in Christianity as vocalizations of YHVH. In Arabic, the name Allah ("the God") is used, and because of the predominance of Islam among Arab speakers, the name "Allah" has connotations with Islamic faith and culture. Muslims regard a multitude of titular names for God, while in Judaism it is common to refer to God by the titular names like Elohim or Adonai. In Hinduism, Brahman is often considered a monistic deity. Other religions have names for God, for instance, Baha in the Bahá'í Faith, Waheguru in Sikhism, and Ahura Mazda in Zoroastrianism.
Other articles related to "god, gods":
... his position so as to concede that the grace of God and free will work in harmony toward the common end ... good works are to be ascribed to the agency of God alone, whereupon Eck yielded so far as to admit that free will is passive in the beginning of conversion, although he maintained that in course of time ...
... Most Methodists identify with the Arminian conception of free will, through God's prevenient grace, as opposed to the theological determinism of absolute predestination ... devotional terms, these confessions are said to embrace the biblical witness to God's activity in creation, encompass God's gracious self-involvement ... By reason one asks questions of faith and seeks to understand God's action and will ...
... poet Lucan (1st century AD) mentions the gods Taranis, Teutates and Esus, but there is little Celtic evidence that these were important deities ... Along with dedications giving us god names, there are also deity representations to which no name has yet been attached ... these are images of a three headed or three faced god, a squatting god, a god with a snake, a god with a wheel, and a horseman with a kneeling giant ...
... The correspondence of Vesta with Vedic god Agni was noted long ago ... that in the Indian epic poem Mahabharata the episodes of Karttikeya, god of war and son of Agni and of Agni and the daughters of Nila bear the same theme of the flames as the sex organ of the god ... sitting upon a phallus that appeared among the ashes of the ara of god Vulcanus, by order of Tanaquil wife of king Tarquinius Priscus) and that of the birth of Caeculus ...
... (Finnish male grandparent, old man, also thunder), parallel in Estonian mythology to Uku, is the god of the sky, weather, harvest and thunder in Finnish mythology ... Ukko is held the most significant god of Finnish mythology, although it is disputed by scholars whether this is accountable to later Christian influence ... (English Overgod), probably in reference to his status as the most highly regarded god and on the other hand his traditional domain in the heavens ...
Famous quotes containing the word god:
“When Pharaoh let the people go, God did not lead them by way of the land of the Philistines, although that was nearer; for God thought, If the people face war, they may change their minds and return to Egypt.”
—Bible: Hebrew, Exodus 13:17.
“Who sees Gods face, that is self life, must die;
What a death were it then to see God die!
It made his own lieutenant, Nature, shrink;
It made his footstool crack, and the sun wink.”
—John Donne (15721631)
“That of all the several ways of beginning a book which are now in practice throughout the known world, I am confident my own way of doing it is the bestIm sure it is the most religiousfor I begin with writing the first sentenceand trusting to Almighty God for the second.”
—Laurence Sterne (17131768)