Lunar Orbit

In astronomy, lunar orbit (also known as a Selenocentric orbit) refers to the orbit of an object around the Moon.

As used in the space program, this refers not to the orbit of the Moon about the Earth, but to orbits by various manned or unmanned spacecraft around the Moon. The altitude at apoapsis (point farthest from the surface) for a lunar orbit is known as apolune, apocynthion or aposelene, while the periapsis (point closest to the surface) is known as perilune, pericynthion or periselene.

Low Lunar orbit (LLO)—orbits below 100 kilometres (62 mi) altitude—are of particular interest in exploration of the moon, but suffer from gravitational perturbation effects that make most unstable, and leave only a few orbital inclinations possible for indefinite frozen orbits, useful for long-term stays in LLO.

Read more about Lunar OrbitUnmanned Spacecraft, Manned Spacecraft, Perturbation Effects

Other articles related to "lunar orbit, orbits, lunar, lunar orbits, orbit":

Lunar Orbit - Perturbation Effects
... Gravitational anomalies slightly distorting the orbits of some Lunar Orbiters led to the discovery of mass concentrations (dubbed mascons), beneath the lunar ... These anomalies are significant enough to cause a lunar orbit to change significantly over the course of several days ... Lunar mascons make most low lunar orbits unstable" but there exist four 'frozen orbits' "where a spacecraft can stay in a low lunar orbit indefinitely ...
LK (spacecraft) - Lunniy Korabl Compared To Lunar Module
... that of the American Saturn V, the LK was created to be more efficient and less bulky than the Lunar Module (LM) It had a different landing profile It was lighter at only 1/3 the ... To leave lunar orbit and begin descent, the LK used the same braking stage, the Blok D, which put the LK-Soyuz stack into lunar orbit the LM used its landing stage ... This allowed the same Block to also serve as the ascent stage to return the LK to lunar orbit the LM's landing stage had a dedicated engine for landing For better performance, LK Block E engines used ...
Low Energy Transfer - History
... was designed to swing by the moon but not to enter orbit ... was released by Hiten on its first swing-by and successfully entered lunar orbit, but suffered a communications failure ... trajectory that would enable the main Hiten probe to itself enter lunar orbit ...
Altair (spacecraft) - Description - Engines
... obliged the vehicle to be able to descend from an equatorial or high-inclination lunar orbit to a polar landing site, along with bringing it and the Orion ... meant to serve as testbeds for methane rockets and Sabatier reactors after a permanent lunar base is established ...
Saturn C-4
... for a three-stage launch vehicle that could launch 99,000 kg (218,000 lb) to Low Earth Orbit and send 32,000 kg (70,000 lb) to the Moon via Trans-Lunar Injection ... It met the initial requirements for a Lunar orbit rendezvous and lunar landing mission ... kg (67,000 lb) Apollo Command/Service Module into lunar orbit, but it would not have been able to carry the 15,000 kg (32,000 lb) Lunar Module as well ...

Famous quotes containing the words orbit and/or lunar:

    The Fitchburg Railroad touches the pond about a hundred rods south of where I dwell. I usually go to the village along its causeway, and am, as it were, related to society by this link. The men on the freight trains, who go over the whole length of the road, bow to me as to an old acquaintance, they pass me so often, and apparently they take me for an employee; and so I am. I too would fain be a track-repairer somewhere in the orbit of the earth.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    A bird half wakened in the lunar noon
    Sang halfway through its little inborn tune.
    Robert Frost (1874–1963)