Coordinates: 27°24′N 111°48′E / 27.4°N 111.8°E / 27.4; 111.8
|Abbreviations: 湘 (pinyin: Xiāng)|
|Origin of name||湖 hú - lake
南 nán - south
"south of the lake "
(and largest city)
|CPC Ctte Secretary||Zhou Qiang|
|Area||211,800 km2 (81,800 sq mi) (10th)|
|- Latitude||24° 38' to 30° 08' N|
|- Longitude||108° 47' to 114° 16' E|
316 /km2 (820 /sq mi) (13th)
- per capita
|CNY 1.90 trillion
US$ 300 billion (10th)
US$ 3,652 (20th)
|HDI (2008)||0.781 (medium) (19th)|
|Ethnic composition||Han - 90%
Tujia - 4%
Miao - 3%
Dong - 1%
Yao - 1%
|Languages and dialects||Xiang Chinese|
|Prefectural level||14 divisions|
|County level||122 divisions|
|Township level*||2576 divisions|
|Source for population and GDP data: Source for nationalities data: *|
|Template • Discussion • WikiProject China|
Hunan (Chinese: 湖南; pinyin: Húnán) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the south-central part of the country to the south of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, which means "south of the lake"). Hunan is sometimes called and officially abbreviated as "湘" (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the province.
Hunan borders Hubei in the north, Jiangxi to the east, Guangdong to the south, Guangxi to the southwest, Guizhou to the west, and Chongqing to the northwest. The capital is Changsha.
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