Long March

The Long March was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China, the forerunner of the People's Liberation Army, to evade the pursuit of the Kuomintang (KMT or Chinese Nationalist Party) army. There was not one Long March, but a series of marches, as various Communist armies in the south escaped to the north and west. The most well known is the march from Jiangxi province which began in October, of 1934. The First Front Army of the Chinese Soviet Republic, led by an inexperienced military commission, was on the brink of annihilation by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's troops in their stronghold in Jiangxi province. The Communists, under the eventual command of Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai, escaped in a circling retreat to the west and north, which reportedly traversed some 12,500 kilometers (8,000 miles) over 370 days. The route passed through some of the most difficult terrain of western China by traveling west, then north, to Shaanxi.

The Long March began Mao Zedong's ascent to power, whose leadership during the retreat gained him the support of the members of the party. The bitter struggles of the Long March, which was completed by only about one-tenth of the force that left Jiangxi, would come to represent a significant episode in the history of the Communist Party of China, and would seal the personal prestige of Mao and his supporters as the new leaders of the party in the following decades.

Read more about Long March:  Time Line, Cooperativeness of Warlords, Myths, Use As Propaganda

Other articles related to "long march, march, long":

Long March 3B - Design and Variants - Long March 3C
... A modified version of the Long March 3B, the Long March 3C, was developed in the mid-1990s to bridge the gap in payload capacity between the Long March 3B and 3A ... It is almost identical to the Long March 3B, but has two boosters instead of four, giving it a reduced GTO payload capacity of 3,800 kilograms (8,400 lb) ...
Long March 2E
... The Long March 2E, also known as the Chang Zheng 2E, CZ-2E and LM-2E, was a Chinese orbital carrier rocket ... to launch commercial communications satellites, the Long March 2E was retired in favour of the Long March 3B, after two launch failures ... The Long March 2E made its maiden flight on 16 July 1990, and was retired on 28 December 1995 ...
Lawyers' Movement - Rallies and Protests
... on a large white cloth which was to be presented to the parliament at the end of long march ... On March 16, 2009 the Lawyers' Community had given a call for nationwide 'Long March' ... Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, Jamaat-e-Islami and others supported and participated in the Long March ...
Jiangxi–Fujian Soviet - Economics
... When the Long March began in October 1934, the Communist bank was part of the retreating force, with 14 bank employees, over a hundred coolies and a company of soldiers escorting them ... One of the important tasks of the bank during the Long March whenever the Chinese Red Army stayed in a place for longer than a day was to tell the local ... it was decided that carrying the entire bank on the march was not practical, so on January 29, 1935, at Earth Town (Tucheng, 土城), the bank employees burned all Communist paper ...
Long March - Use As Propaganda
... “ If you find it hard, think of the Long March if you feel tired, think of our revolutionary forbears ... Decades after the historical one, we have been spurred on to ever more Long Marches – to industrialize China, to feed the largest population in the world, to catch up with the West, to ... ” - Sun Shuyun The Long March has been depicted as a pillar of the Chinese Communist Revolution and has been a constant theme of communist propaganda since its completion, in 1935 ...

Famous quotes containing the words march and/or long:

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