History of Scotland - Early 20th Century - War and Political Realignment

War and Political Realignment

In the Khaki Election of 1900, nationalist concern with the Boer War meant that the Conservatives and their Liberal Unionist allies gained a majority of Scottish seats for the first time, although the Liberals regained their ascendancy in the next election. The Unionists and Conservatives merged in 1912, usually known as the Conservatives in England and Wales, they adopted the name Unionist Party in Scotland. Scots played a major part in the leadership of UK political parties producing a Conservative Prime Minister in Arthur Balfour (1902–05) and a Liberal one in Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1905–08). Various organisations, including the Independent Labour Party, joined to make the British Labour Party in 1906, with Keir Hardie as its first chairman.

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Scottish History - Early 20th Century - War and Political Realignment - First World War 1914-18
... See also History of the United Kingdom during World War I Scotland played a major role in the British effort in the First World War ... a population of 4.8 million in 1911, Scotland sent 690,000 men to the war, of whom 74,000 died in combat or from disease, and 150,000 were seriously wounded ... Lowlands, particularly Glasgow, poor working and living conditions led to industrial and political unrest ...

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