Henry VIII

Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. He was Lord, and later King, of Ireland, as well as continuing the nominal claim by the English monarchs to the Kingdom of France. Henry was the second monarch of the House of Tudor, succeeding his father, Henry VII.

Besides his six marriages, Henry VIII is known for his role in the separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church. Henry's struggles with Rome led to the separation of the Church of England from papal authority, the Dissolution of the Monasteries, and establishing himself as the Supreme Head of the Church of England. Yet he remained a believer in core Catholic theological teachings, even after his excommunication from the Catholic Church. Henry oversaw the legal union of England and Wales with the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542.

Henry was considered an attractive, educated and accomplished king in his prime and has a reputation as "one of the most charismatic rulers to sit on the English throne". Besides ruling with absolute power, he also engaged himself as an author and composer. His desire to provide England with a male heir—which stemmed partly from personal vanity and partly because he believed a daughter would be unable to consolidate the Tudor Dynasty and the fragile peace that existed following the Wars of the Roses—led to the two things for which Henry is remembered: His six marriages, and the English Reformation (making England a mostly Protestant nation). In later life, he became morbidly obese and his health suffered; his public image is frequently depicted as one of a lustful, egotistical, harsh, and insecure king.

Read more about Henry VIIIEarly Years: 1491–1509, Early Reign: 1509–1525, King's Great Matter: 1525–1534, Later Life: 1534–1540, Final Years: 1540–1547, Death and Succession, Public Image, Legacy, Style and Arms, Ancestry, Marriages and Issue

Other articles related to "henry viii, henry":

Architecture Of The Medieval Cathedrals Of England - Background - Scope
... country, which occurred in 1534 during the reign of Henry VIII ... At the Dissolution of the Monasteries under Henry VIII, all the previously monastic cathedrals became governed by secular canons like the first group ... were those five great medieval abbey churches that were established as new cathedrals under Henry VIII Bristol, Chester, Gloucester, Oxford and Peterborough and five further ...
List Of Costume Drama Films - Films By Period - Renaissance/Elizabethan
... film) Hamlet (1990) Hearts and Armor (1982) Henry V (1944) Henry V (1989) Henry VIII and His Six Wives (1973) Henry VIII (2003) If I Were King (1938) King Lear (1971 ...
List Of Artists At Hampton Court Palace
... The Family of Henry VIII ... - Flemish, set of 10 tapestries commissioned by Henry VIII in the early 1540s, 6 of which are displayed in the Great Hall ... The Labours of Hercules The Triumph of Bacchus - Brussels, purchased by Henry VIII in the 1540s, in the King's Presence Chamber ...
Mary Boleyn - Royal Mistress
... William Carey, a wealthy and influential courtier, on 4 February 1520 Henry VIII was a guest at the couple's wedding ... At some point, Mary became Henry's mistress the exact date is unclear, but it probably began some time in 1521 ... and Mary never enjoyed the fame, wealth and power that Henry's earlier mistresses, such as Bessy Blount, enjoyed, and which was usual for other acknowledged mistresses in France and other kingdoms ...
Henry VIII - Marriages and Issue
... See also Wives of Henry VIII Name Birth Death Notes By Catherine of Aragon (married Greenwich Palace 11 June 1509 annulled 23 May 1533) Unnamed Daughter 31 January 2 ... February 1510 Henry, Duke of Cornwall 1. 15 ... January 1569 married Sir Francis Knollys had issue Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon 4 March 23 ... July 1596 married 1545, Ann Morgan had issue ...

Famous quotes containing the words viii and/or henry:

    I see and hear daily that you of the Clergy preach one against another, teach one contrary to another, inveigh one against another without charity or discretion. Some be too stiff in their old mumpsimus, others be too busy and curious in their new sumpsimus. Thus all men almost be in variety and discord.
    —Henry VIII (1491–1547)

    Whatever practical people may say, this world is, after all, absolutely governed by ideas, and very often by the wildest and most hypothetical ideas. It is a matter of the very greatest importance that our theories of things that seem a long way apart from our daily lives, should be as far as possible true, and as far as possible removed from error.
    —Thomas Henry Huxley (1825–95)