Guanajuato, officially Free and Sovereign State of Guanajuato (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Guanajuato), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 46 municipalities and its capital city is Guanajuato.

It is located in the North-Central Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Jalisco to the west, Zacatecas to the northwest, San Luis Potosí to the north, Querétaro to the east and Michoacán to the south. It covers an area of 30,608 km².

Guanajuato is located between the arid north of the country and the lusher south, and it is geographically part of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, the Mexican Plateau and the Sierra Madre Oriental. It was initially settled by the Spanish in the 1520s due to mineral deposits found around the now capital city of Guanajuato, but areas such as the Bajío region also became important for agriculture and livestock. Mining and agriculture have been the traditional mainstays of the state's economy, but today, about 30% of the state's GDP is accounted for by industry, which includes metals, automobiles, leather goods, processed foods and more.

The state is home to several historically important cities, especially those along the "Bicentennial Route", which retraces the path of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla's insurgent army at the very beginning of the Mexican War of Independence. This route begins at Dolores Hidalgo, and passes though the Sanctuary of Atotonilco, San Miguel de Allende, Celaya and the capital of Guanajuato. Other important cities in the state include León, the most populous and Irapuato.

Read more about Guanajuato:  Geography and Climate, Economy, Government and Politics, Education, Transportation, Archeological Sites

Other articles related to "guanajuato":

Alfredo Dugès
... He settled in Guanajuato, where he worked as an obstetrician, also giving classes in natural history at the Escuela de Estudios Superiores de Guanajuato ... At Guanajuato, he was director of the local museum, later named the Museo Alfredo Dugès in his honor ...
Liga Nacional De Baloncesto Profesional - Current Teams
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San Bernardo, Guanajuato
... San Bernardo is the name of three villages in Guanajuato, Mexico ... One village, also known as San Ber, is located at 20°58′N 101°52′W / 20.967°N 101.867°W / 20.967 -101.867 ...
Guanajuato - Archeological Sites
... looting, including some at the hands of Guanajuato authorities ... suggests that groups in these parts of Guanajuato had effect on the organization of the Toltec empire as settlements were abandoned sometime between 600 and 900 CE ... Through the Toltec's influence in the Valley of Mexico, Guanajuato cultures eventually had some influence on the much later Aztec ...
... lowlands) is a region of Central Mexico that includes the plains south of the Sierra de Guanajuato, in the state of Guanajuato, as well as parts of the states of Querétaro (the ... it is usually associated with the States of Guanajuato and Querétaro, although it only forms a part of them ...