French Indochina

French Indochina (French: Indochine française; Khmer: សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន, Vietnamese: Đông Dương thuộc Pháp, frequently abbreviated to Đông Pháp) was part of the French colonial empire in southeast Asia. A federation of the three Vietnamese regions, Tonkin (North), Annam (Central), and Cochinchina (South), as well as Cambodia, was formed in 1887.

Laos was added in 1893 and Guangzhouwan in 1900. The capital was moved from Saigon (in Cochinchina) to Hanoi (Tonkin) in 1902 and again to Da Lat (Annam) in 1939 until 1945, when it moved back to Hanoi. After the Fall of France during World War II, the colony was administered by Vichy France and was under Japanese supervision until a brief period of full Japanese control between March and August 1945. Beginning in May 1941, the Viet Minh, a communist army led by Ho Chi Minh, began a revolt against French rule known as the First Indochina War.

In Saigon, the anti-Communist State of Vietnam, led by former Emperor Bảo Đại, was granted independence in 1949. Following the Geneva Accord of 1954, the Viet Minh became the government of North Vietnam, although the Bảo Đại government continued to rule in South Vietnam.

Read more about French IndochinaFirst French Interventions, Establishment of French Indochina, Population, Economy, World War II, First Indochina War, Geneva Agreements

Other articles related to "french, french indochina, indochina":

Conquest Of Cochinchina - Timeline of The Second Phase
... In 1867, French authorities claimed that Emperor Tự Đức was not abiding by the treaty and that he was secretly supporting Vietnamese guerrillas who were trying to drive the French out ... The provinces of Châu Đốc, Hà Tiên and Vĩnh Long were added to French controlled territory ... In 1874, all the French territories in southern Vietnam were declared to be the new French colony of Cochinchina ...
Liberation Of Paris - Aftermath - "Yesterday Strasbourg, Tomorrow Saigon..."
... whose 2nd Armored Division was held in high regard by the French people, led the Far East Expeditionary Forces (FEFEO) that sailed to French Indochina then occupied by the Japanese in 1945 ... The war effort for the liberation of French Indochina through the FEFEO was presented as propaganda by the continuation of the liberation of France and part of the same "duty ... While Vichy France collaborated with Japan in French Indochina after the 1940 invasion and later established a Japanese embassy in Sigmaringen, de Gaulle had declared war on ...
Second French Indochina Campaign
... The Second French Indochina Campaign, also known as the Japanese coup of March 1945, was a Japanese military operation in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam, then a French colony ... However, the regions of Annam and Tonkin were French "protectorates" ... Kingdom of Laos and the Kingdom of Cambodia, and in the complete disorganization of Indochina's French administration ...
French Indochina - Geneva Agreements
... the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Indochina, granting it independence from France, declaring the cessation of hostilities and foreign involvement in internal Indochina affairs ...
Motives Of The Second Sino-Japanese War - Individual Nations and Their Respective Motives
... supply coming to Yunnan through French Indochina's northern state of Tonkin (northern Vietnam), the Japanese wanted to blockade the Chinese-Indochinese border ... the establishment of the Vichy France regime, Japan staged an invasion of French Indochina ... In March 1945, the Japanese staged a coup d'état in French Indochina and created their own colonies as the Empire of Vietnam ...

Famous quotes containing the word french:

    The French are certainly misunderstood:Mbut whether the fault is theirs, in not sufficiently explaining themselves; or speaking with that exact limitation and precision which one would expect ... or whether the fault may not be altogether on our side ... I shall not decide.
    Laurence Sterne (1713–1768)