French Congo

The French Congo (French: La colonie du Congo or Congo français) was a French colony which at one time comprised the present-day area of the Republic of the Congo, Gabon, and the Central African Republic. It began at Brazzaville on 10 September 1880 as a protectorate over the Bateke people along the north bank of the Congo River, was formally established as the French Congo on 30 November 1882, and was confirmed at the Congress of Berlin. Its borders with Cabinda, Cameroons, and the Congo Free State were established by treaties over the next decade. The plan to develop the colony was to grant massive concessions to some thirty French companies. These were granted huge swaths of land on the promise they would be developed. This development was limited and amounted mostly to the extraction of ivory, rubber, and timber. These operations often involved great brutality and the near enslavement of the locals.

Even with these measures most of the companies lost money. Only about ten earned profits. Many of the companies' vast holdings existed only on paper with virtually no presence on the ground in Africa.

The French Congo was sometimes known as Gabon-Congo. It formally added Gabon on 30 April 1901, was officially renamed Middle Congo (French: Moyen-Congo) in 1903, was temporarily divorced from Gabon in 1906, and was then reunited as French Equatorial Africa in 1910 in an attempt to emulate the relative success of French West Africa.

Read more about French CongoList of Commissioners-General

Other articles related to "french, congo, french congo":

Lists Of Ethnic Groups - By Alphabet - C
... Cajun United States (Louisiana) 488,549 French-Americans in Louisiana ... Caldoche New Caledonia French people of New Caledonia largest French national colony outside of France. 2,000,000 People of Bantu descent (Niger-Congo-B) living in Kilimanjaro Region in Tanzania ...
Apostolic Vicariate Of Loango - Ecclesiastical Administration
... By decree of 24 November 1886, the Vicariate Apostolic of French Congo, or Lower Congo, more properly Loango, was detached from that of Gaboon and in 1890, as a result of further division, the Vicariate of ... The three vicariates which made up French Congo — Gaboon, Loango, Ubangi — embraced an area, approximately, of one million square miles ... bounded by the Atlantic on the south, by the Massabi River, Cabinda, and Belgian Congo to the east is the Vicariate of Ubangi, from which it is separated by ...
Apostolic Vicariate Of The Congo - Timeline
... 1640 The Prefecture Apostolic of Portuguese Congo is founded ... The mission of the Upper Congo was begun in 1880 it was erected into the Vicariate Apostolic of Upper Congo in 1895 ... Vicariate Apostolic of Belgian Congo Vicariate Apostolic of French Congo Vicariate Apostolic of Congo Free State 1886 The Vicariate Apostolic of Loango (or French ...
French Congo - List of Commissioners-General
... The colony was administered under four commissioners-general (commissionaires généraux) prior to its reorganization into Middle Congo ... Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza (January 1883 – 1897) Louis Albert Grodet (1897–1898) Henri Félix de Lamothe (1898–1901) Emile Gentil (1901–1903) ...
Compendium Of Postage Stamp Issuers (Fa – Fz) - French Congo
... Capital Brazzaville Currency 100 centimes = 1 franc Main Article See also Congo Republic French Equatorial Africa Middle Congo ...

Famous quotes containing the word french:

    Saigon was an addicted city, and we were the drug: the corruption of children, the mutilation of young men, the prostitution of women, the humiliation of the old, the division of the family, the division of the country—it had all been done in our name.... The French city ... had represented the opium stage of the addiction. With the Americans had begun the heroin phase.
    James Fenton (b. 1949)