**Logic and Mathematics**

- Formal logic, logical argument based on form
- Formal cause, Aristotle's intrinsic, determining cause
- Formal power series, a generalization of power series without requiring convergence, used in combinatorics
- Formal calculation, a calculation which is systematic, but without a rigorous justification
- Formal set theory, as opposed to
*Naive set theory* - Formal derivative, an operation on elements of a polynomial ring which mimics the form of the derivative from calculus

Read more about this topic: Formal

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**logic and mathematics**, whereby assuming that a proposition is true leads to absurdity a proposition is assumed to be true and this ...### Famous quotes containing the words logic and and/or logic:

“Histories make men wise; poets witty; the mathematics subtle; natural philosophy deep; moral grave; *logic and* rhetoric able to contend.”

—Francis Bacon (1561–1626)

“Though living is a dreadful thing

And a dreadful thing is it

Life the niggard will not thank,

She will not teach who will not sing,

And what serves, on the final bank,

Our *logic* and our wit?”

—Philip Larkin (1922–1986)

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