Food Security

Food security is the measure of the ability ensure access to essential nutrition. It refers to a household's or country's ability to provide future physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that fulfills the dietary needs and food preferences of that household for living an active and healthy life. It measures of the resilience to the disruption of critical food supply due to various risk factors including droughts, shipping disruptions, fuel shortages, economic instability, wars, etc. Food security assessment is divided into the self-sufficiency rate (S) and external dependency rate (1-S) as this divides the largest set of risk factors. Although countries may desire a high self-sufficiency rate, this difficult to achieve especially for wealthy countries, generally due to higher regional production costs.

The World Health Organization defines three facets of food security: food availability, food access, and food use. Food availability is having available sufficient quantities of food on a consistent basis. Food access is having sufficient resources, both economic and physical, to obtain appropriate foods for a nutritious diet. Food use is the appropriate use based on knowledge of basic nutrition and care, as well as adequate water and sanitation. The FAO adds a fourth facet: the stability of the first three dimensions of food security over time.

Read more about Food SecurityFood Production Increases, Stunting and Chronic Nutritional Deficiencies, Challenges To Achieving Food Security, Economic Approaches, World Summit On Food Security, Role of The World Bank

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... Human Security and Youth Inclusion Their programme on Human Security and Youth Inclusion focuses on contemporary conflict zones, including Afghanistan, Iraq, and Somalia ... also disputed by CIDA officials, particularly regarding food aid and hospitals ... Global Food Security Their program on Global Food Security, designed in collaboration with the Sir Ratan Tata Trust and CINI, examines the intersection between food security, development, and state ...
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... for-profit activities, Sam has extensive pro-bono involvement in efforts relating to food security and international economic development ... Agricultural Technology Foundation — an organization created for the advancement of African food security ... development initiative to benefit developing country food security ...
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... The Toronto Food Policy Council (TFPC) is a citizen body of food activists and experts responsible for generating food policy for the City of Toronto ... of programs with the shared goal of ensuring equitable access to food, nutrition, community development and environmental health, acting as professional lobbyist for the people on food and ... The TFPC is free to make its own decisions on food policy issues ...
Effects Of The 2000s Energy Crisis - Food Security
... Further information Risks to food security, Agriculture and population limits, Food vs fuel and 2007–2008 world food price crisis Since the 1940s, agriculture has dramatically increased its ... Food riots occurred in many countries across the world in 2007 and 2008 ... In December 2007, 37 countries faced food crises, and 20 had imposed some sort of food-price controls ...

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