Fair Housing

In the United States, the fair housing (also open housing) policies date largely from the 1960s. Originally, the terms fair housing and open housing came from a political movement of the time to outlaw discrimination in the rental or purchase of homes and a broad range of other housing-related transactions, such as advertising, mortgage lending, homeowner's insurance and zoning. Later, the same language was used in laws. In April 1968, at the urging of President Lyndon B. Johnson, Congress passed the federal Fair Housing Act (codified at 42 U.S.C. 3601-3619, penalties for violation at 42 U.S.C. 3631), Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, only one week after the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.

The primary purpose of the Fair Housing Law of 1968 is to protect the buyer/renter of a dwelling from seller/landlord discrimination. Its primary prohibition makes it unlawful to refuse to sell, rent to, or negotiate with any person because of that person's inclusion in a protected class. The goal is a unitary housing market in which a person's background (as opposed to financial resources) does not arbitrarily restrict access. Calls for open housing were issued early in the twentieth century, but it was not until after World War II that concerted efforts to achieve it were undertaken.

Read more about Fair HousingUp To 1968, Open Housing Since 1968, A Case Study in Local Fair Housing: Seattle, Washington, Criticism

Other articles related to "housing, fair housing":

Lawyers' Committee For Civil Rights Under Law - Projects
... minority and low-income communities with economic opportunities, affordable housing, and healthier living ... The Fair Housing Project challenges discrimination in rental and private markets and public and assisted housing in lawsuits under the Fair Housing Act ... It trains local private attorneys to manage fair housing cases and cases referred from fair housing councils ...
Henry Cisneros - Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
... Clinton nominated him to serve as his new Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) ... able to make changes at the margin that made HUD a more effective housing provider ... Rick Lazio (R-NY), chairman of the House subcommittee on housing and community opportunity in 1996 said Cisneros displayed "the correct balance of advocacy on behalf of the president and a willingness ...
Section 230 Of The Communications Decency Act - Case Law - Discriminatory Housing Ads
... The court upheld immunity for Craigslist against Fair Housing Act claims based on discriminatory statements in postings on the classifieds website by third party ... Fair Housing Council of San Fernando Valley v ... roommate matching service for claims brought under the federal Fair Housing Act and California housing discrimination laws ...
Housing Discrimination
... Housing discrimination is discrimination based on protected class status, variously including race, gender, ethnicity, age, national origin, sexual orientation and gender identity, marital status, or veteran ... Four types of housing discrimination are rental discrimination, sales discrimination, lending and mortgage discrimination and homeowners insurance ... The Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity is charged with enforcing fair housing laws, including the Fair Housing Act of 1968 ...
Fair Housing - Criticism
... buy something that the owner does not wish to sell, and that Fair Housing attacks the right of an owner to decide on whom he would rent or sell his property ...

Famous quotes containing the words housing and/or fair:

    We have been weakened in our resistance to the professional anti-Communists because we know in our hearts that our so-called democracy has excluded millions of citizens from a normal life and the normal American privileges of health, housing and education.
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    O thou weed!
    Who art so lovely fair and smell’st so sweet
    That the sense aches at thee, would thou hadst ne’er been born!
    William Shakespeare (1564–1616)