Equal Opportunity

Equal opportunity is a stipulation that all people should be treated similarly, unhampered by artificial barriers or prejudices or preferences, except when particular “distinctions can be explicitly justified.” The aim according to this often "complex and contested concept" is that important jobs should go to those “most qualified” – persons most likely to perform ably in a given task – and not go to persons for arbitrary or irrelevant reasons, such as circumstances of birth, upbringing, friendship ties to whoever is in power, religion, sex, ethnicity, race, caste, or “involuntary personal attributes” such as disability, age, or sexual preferences. Chances for advancement should be open to everybody interested such that they have “an equal chance to compete within the framework of goals and the structure of rules established.”

The idea is to remove arbitrariness from the selection process and base it on some “pre-agreed basis of fairness, with the assessment process being related to the type of position,” and emphasizing procedural and legal means. Individuals should succeed or fail based on their own efforts and not "extraneous circumstances" such as having well-connected parents. It is opposed to nepotism and plays a role in whether a social structure is seen as legitimate.

Read more about Equal Opportunity:  Differing Political Viewpoints, Criticism

Other articles related to "opportunity, equal, equal opportunity":

Anarchism And Capitalism - Anarchist Criticisms of Capitalism - Equality
... believe that inequality is not a major concern so long as everyone has "equality of opportunity" ... defines equality as, "A and B are 'equal' if they are identical to each other with respect to a given attribute…There is one and only one way, then, in which any two people can ... Social anarchist Alexander Berkman argued, "equality does not mean an equal amount but equal opportunity…Do not make the mistake of identifying equality in liberty with the forced ...
Kathlene Contres - DEOMI
2005, Contres replaced CAPT Robert Watts as Commandant of the Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute (DEOMI), located at Patrick Air Force Base near Coco Beach, Florida ... Coast Guard equal opportunity and equal employment opportunity (EO/ EEO) program and research requirements ... The Department of Defense (DoD) established the Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute, originally chartered as the Defense Race Relations Institute, in 1971 in response to recommendations from an ...
Equal Opportunity - Criticism
... There is agreement that the concept of equal opportunity lacks a precise definition ... generally describes “open and fair competition” with equal chances for achieving sought-after jobs or positions as well as an absence of discrimination, the ... who advocate equality of outcome fault even formal equality of opportunity on the grounds that it "legitimates inequalities of wealth and income." John William ...
Orrin Hatch - Political Positions and Votes - Other Issues
... Equal Opportunity to Govern He has also pushed legislation for the Equal Opportunity to Govern Amendment, which would amend Article 2, Section I, Clause 5 of ... Housing Act enforced by the Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity ...
Center For Equal Opportunity
... The Center For Equal Opportunity (CEO) is an American conservative think tank, which focuses on three specific areas of concern affirmative action, immigration and bilingual education ... The Chairman of the Center For Equal Opportunity is Linda Chavez, the President and General Counsel is Roger Clegg, and the Executive Director is Rudy ... Under Chavez's leadership, the Center for Equal Opportunity has released dozens of studies documenting the extent to which race is a factor in college ...

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