Eastern Armenian nouns have seven cases, one more than Western Armenian. They are: nominative (subject), accusative (direct object), genitive (possession), dative (indirect object), ablative (origin), instrumental (means) and locative (position). Of the seven cases, the nominative and accusative, with exceptions, are the same, and the genitive and dative are the same, meaning that nouns have mostly five distinct forms for case. Nouns in Armenian also decline for number (singular and plural), but do not decline for gender (i.e. masculine or feminine).
Declension in Armenian is based on how the genitive is formed. There are several declensions, but two are the most used (genitive in i, and genitive in u):
First, notice that the Ablative form in Eastern Armenian is /-it͡s/, where it is -ê in Western Armenian:
Abl.sg WA karê/EA /ɡɑɾut͡sʰ/
Second, notice that in Western Armenian, the plural forms followed the u-declension, while in Eastern Armenian the plural forms follow the i-declension:
Gen.pl WA karineru/EA /ɡɑɾinɛˈɾi/
Other articles related to "nouns, noun":
... with the English -er and -r suffixes (seen in hacker and lesser), in that it derives agent nouns from a verb stem ... The -age suffix Derivation of a noun from a verb stem is possible by attaching -age to the base form of any verb ... These nouns are often used with a form of "to be" rather than "to have," e.g ...
... As in many other Indo-European languages, the distribution of grammatical gender across nouns is largely arbitrary and need not coincide with natural sex ... Case, number and gender are marked on the noun as well as on articles and adjectives modifying it ... Only one sub-group of the masculine nouns actually has four distinct forms in the four cases ...
... Nouns ending in -jō that have a short stem (see discussion above) behave identically to normal -ō stems, e.g ... However, long-stemmed nouns in -jō have a different nominative singular ending in -i Case bandi, bandjōs band f ... that in this particular case the "long-stem" declension includes nouns with a long vowel or diphthong and no following consonant ...
... Connemara that the dative singular form of all 2nd declension nouns has been generally adopted as the nominative, giving these nouns the typical ending in palatalized consonants in the nominative singular ...
... feminine singular nouns with the definite article or the number one (un) nouns or adjectives used predicatively or adverbially after yn adjectives following mor ("so"), rhy ("too") or pur ("fairly, very") Common ... most adjectives follow the noun) nouns after the possessives dy (informal your) and ei (when it means his) an object immediately following the subject (typically after ...
Famous quotes containing the word nouns:
“All the facts of nature are nouns of the intellect, and make the grammar of the eternal language. Every word has a double, treble or centuple use and meaning.”
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