Earl

An earl is a member of the nobility. The title is Anglo-Saxon, akin to the Scandinavian form jarl, and meant "chieftain", particularly a chieftain set to rule a territory in a king's stead. In Scandinavia, it became obsolete in the Middle Ages and was replaced with duke (hertig/hertug). In later medieval Britain, it became the equivalent of the continental count (in England in the earlier period, it was more akin to duke; in Scotland it assimilated the concept of mormaer). However, earlier in Scandinavia jarl could also mean sovereign prince. For example, the rulers of several of the petty kingdoms of Norway had in fact the title of jarl and in many cases of no lesser power than their neighbours who had the title of king. Alternative names for the "Earl/Count" rank in the nobility structure are used in other countries, such as Hakushaku during the Japanese Imperial era.

In modern Britain, an earl is a member of the peerage, ranking below a marquess and above viscount. There never developed a feminine form of earl; countess is used as the equivalent feminine title.

Read more about Earl:  Etymology

Other articles related to "earl, earls":

Duke Of Albany - Dukes of Albany, First Creation (1398)
... Other titles (1st Duke) Earl of Fife (1371), Earl of Buchan (1374–1406), Earl of Atholl (1403–1406) Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany (c. 1340–1420), third son of Robert II Other titles (2nd Duke) Earl of Menteith (bef 1189), Earl of Fife (1371), Earl of Buchan (1374) Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany (1362–1425), eldest son of the ...
Earl, North Carolina - Demographics
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Earl Of Arundel
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Ormond Castle - Douglas
... Bothwell, in 1362 she married Archibald the Grim, Lord of Galloway and later 3rd Earl of Douglas who claimed her estates and titles de jure uxoris (by right of marriage) ... Ormonde, and was created into an Earldom in 1445 for Hugh Douglas, Earl of Ormonde, third son of James Douglas, 7th Earl of Douglas ... the fall of the Black Douglases after the Battle of Arkinholm in 1455 and the execution of the earl, his properties, like those of his brothers, was forfeit ...

Famous quotes containing the word earl:

    I recommend to you to take care of the minutes; for hours will take care of themselves.
    Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl Chesterfield (1694–1773)

    Vice, in its true light, is so deformed, that it shocks us at first sight; and would hardly ever seduce us, if it did not at first wear the mask of some virtue.
    Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl Chesterfield (1694–1773)

    While abroad, he met with a very salacious English woman, whose liberality retrieved his fortune, with several circumstances more to the honor of his vigor than his morals.
    Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl Chesterfield (1694–1773)