Clitoris

The clitoris (i/ˈklɪtərɨs/, i/klɨˈtɔərɨs/, or /ˈklaɪtɒrɨs/) is a female sexual organ present in mammals, ostriches and a limited number of other animals. In humans, the visible button-like portion is near the front junction of the labia minora (inner lips), above the opening of the urethra. Unlike the penis, the male variant of the clitoris, it usually does not contain the distal portion or opening of the urethra and is therefore not used for urination. While few animals urinate through the clitoris, the spotted hyena, which has a particularly well-developed clitoris, urinates, mates and gives birth via the organ. Other carnivorous animals, and some mammals such as lemurs and spider monkeys, also have a well-developed clitoris.

The clitoris is the human female's most sensitive erogenous zone and the primary source of female sexual pleasure. In humans and other mammals, it develops from an outgrowth in the embryo called the genital tubercle. Initially undifferentiated, the tubercle develops into either a penis or a clitoris, depending on the presence or absence of the protein tdf, which is codified by a single gene on the Y chromosome. The clitoris is a complex structure, and its size and sensitivity can vary. The glans (head) of the human clitoris is roughly the size and shape of a pea, and is estimated to have more sensory nerve endings than any other part of the human body.

Extensive sociological, sexological and medical debate have focused on the clitoris, primarily concerning anatomical accuracy, orgasmic factors and their physiological explanation for the G-Spot, and whether the clitoris is vestigial, an adaptation, or serves a reproductive function. Social perceptions of the clitoris range from the significance of its role in female sexual pleasure, assumptions about its true size and depth, and varying beliefs regarding genital modification such as clitoris enlargement, clitoris piercing and clitoridectomy. Genital modification may be for aesthetic, medical or cultural reasons. Cultural perceptions also impact on knowledge of the clitoris. Studies suggest that knowledge of its existence and anatomy is scant in comparison to that of other sexual organs, and that more education about it could help alleviate social stigmas associated with the female body and female sexual pleasure; for example, that the clitoris and vulva in general are visually unappealing, that female masturbation is taboo, or that men should be expected to master and control women's orgasms.

Read more about Clitoris:  Pronunciation and Etymology

Other articles related to "clitoris":

Clitoromegaly
... (or macroclitoris ) is an abnormal enlargement of the clitoris (not to be confused with the normal enlargement of the clitoris seen during sexual arousal) ... Although clitoromegaly denotes just a clitoris larger than expected (thus involving some uncertainty about what can be defined as normal), it is commonly seen as a congenital anomaly of the ... Robert Latou Dickinson, the typical clitoris is defined as having a crosswise width of 3 to 4 mm ...
Latin Profanity - Landīca: The Clitoris
... Romans had medical knowledge of the clitoris, and their native word for it was landīca. 79, which calls it misella landica, the "poor little clitoris" ...
Clitoris - In Other Animals - In Cats, Sheep, and Mice
... Researchers studying the peripheral and central afferent pathways from the feline clitoris concluded that "Afferent neurons projecting to the clitoris of the cat were identified by WGA-H ... stated that light "constant pressure on the clitoris produced an initial burst of single unit firing (maximum frequencies 170–255 Hz) followed by rapid adaptation and a sustained firing (maximum 40 Hz ... Hz at 6–8 g/mm2 pressure" and "hese results indicate that the clitoris is innervated by mechano-sensitive myelinated afferent fibers in the pudental nerve which project centrally to the region of the ...
Masturbation/Archive 4 - Techniques - Female
... woman stroking or rubbing her vulva, especially her clitoris, with her index and/or middle fingers ... Ben Wa balls can also be used to stimulate the vagina and clitoris ... In a bath or shower a female may direct tap water at her clitoris and vulva ...
Crus Of Clitoris
... At each divergent point is a corpus cavernosum of clitoris ... arousal, the crura become engorged with blood, as does all of the erectile tissue of the clitoris ...