Central Government

A central government is the government of a nation-state and is more typically a characteristic of a unitary state. This is the same thing as a federal government which may have distinct powers at various levels authorized or delegated to it by its member states, though the adjective 'central' is sometimes used to describe it. The structure of central governments varies. Many countries have created autonomous regions by delegating powers from the central government to governments at a subnational level, such as a regional, local, or state level. Based on a broad definition of a basic political system, there are two or more levels of government that exist within an established territory and govern through common institutions with overlapping or shared powers as prescribed by a constitution or other law.

Usual responsibilities of this level of government which are not granted to lower levels are maintaining national security and exercising international diplomacy, including the right to sign binding treaties. Basically, the central government has the power to make laws for the whole country, in contrast with local governments. For definition of levels of government see also general government (in economics).

Generally, the difference between a central government and a federal government is that the autonomous status of self-governing regions exists by the sufferance of the central government and are often created through a process of devolution. As such they may be unilaterally revoked with a simple change in the law. An example of this was done in 1973 when the Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973 abolished the government of Northern Ireland which had been created under the Government of Ireland Act 1920. It is common for a federal government to be brought into being by agreement between a number of formally independent states and therefore its powers to affect the status of the balance of powers is significantly smaller (i.e. The United States). Thus federal governments are often established voluntarily from 'below' whereas devolution grants self-government from 'above'.

Read more about Central GovernmentExamples of (non-federal) Central Governments, Examples of Federal Governments, Examples of Confederations

Other articles related to "central, central government, government, governments":

Central Vigilance Commission
... Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) is an apex Indian governmental body created in 1964 to address governmental corruption ... from any executive authority, charged with monitoring all vigilance activity under the Central Government of India, and advising various authorities in ... It was set up by the Government of India in February, 1964 on the recommendations of the Committee on Prevention of Corruption, headed by Shri K ...
Retailing In India
... Until 2011, Indian central government denied foreign direct investment (FDI) in multi-brand retail, forbidding foreign groups from any ownership in supermarkets, convenience stores or any retail ... In November 2011, India's central government announced retail reforms for both multi-brand stores and single-brand stores ... In December 2011, under pressure from the opposition, Indian government placed the retail reforms on hold till it reaches a consensus ...
Sikh Religious Extremism - Punjabi Suba - Akali Dal's Demands
... mass demonstrations to present its grievances to the central government ... a state structure that was decentralised, with non-interference from the central government ... of states under the existing constitution, limiting the central government’s role ...
Social Protection In France - Organisation - Central Government
... The central government and the local administrations provide some assistance, mainly support to the poorest ... are provided and funded mainly by departments, but also by the central government (RMI or allowance for disabled adults) ...
Arequito Revolt - Federalism in The Río De La Plata
... The successive Argentine governments since the May Revolution tried to govern all the provinces that comprised the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata citing the argument ... territories, insistently requested to have equal participation in the national government and to elect their own local governments ... For years, the different governments from Buenos Aires made an effort in the opposite direction all the governors were appointed directly by the central ...

Famous quotes related to central government:

    The Federal Constitution has stood the test of more than a hundred years in supplying the powers that have been needed to make the Central Government as strong as it ought to be, and with this movement toward uniform legislation and agreements between the States I do not see why the Constitution may not serve our people always.
    William Howard Taft (1857–1930)