A calculation is a deliberate process for transforming one or more inputs into one or more results, with variable change.

The term is used in a variety of senses, from the very definite arithmetical calculation of using an algorithm to the vague heuristics of calculating a strategy in a competition or calculating the chance of a successful relationship between two people.

For example, multiplying 7 by 6 is a simple algorithmic calculation. Estimating the fair price for financial instruments using the Black–Scholes model is a complex algorithmic calculation.

Statistical estimations of the likely election results from opinion polls also involve algorithmic calculations, but provide results made up of ranges of possibilities rather than exact answers.

To calculate means to ascertain by computing. The English word derives from the Latin calculus, which originally meant a small stone in the gall-bladder (from Latin calx). It also meant a pebble used for calculating, or a small stone used as a counter in an abacus (Latin abacus, Greek abax). The abacus was an instrument used by Greeks and Romans for arithmetic calculations, preceding the slide-rule and the electronic calculator, and consisted of perforated pebbles sliding on an iron bars.

Read more about Calculation:  Comparison To Computation

Other articles related to "calculation":

Alberto Coto García - World Champion and Records
... Over three sessions of the Mental Calculation World Cup, Alberto Coto has always succeeded in some of the titles ... Leipzig 2008 World champion in multiplication Leipzig 2008 World champion in mental calculation Leipzig 2008 World champion in addition Magdeburg 2010 On July 1, 2008, Alberto ... digits in 19.23 seconds (Guinness record) This record means a calculation speed of about 5 operations per second ...
Calculation - Comparison To Computation
... In English, calculation involves numbers and the word usually connotes a simple process, but computation may be done by applying specific rules, with or without numbers, and the word is chosen for more ... Calculation is a prerequisite for computation ... The difference in the meaning of calculation and computation appears to originate from the late medieval period ...
Measuring Seasonality - Calculation - Remarks
2 ... In a multiplicative time-series model, the seasonal component is expressed in terms of ratio and percentage as Seasonal effect = (T*S*C*I)/( T*C*I)*100 = Y/(T*C*I )*100 However in practice the detrending of time-series is done to arrive at S*C*I ...
ROHR2 (analysis Software) - Calculation Basics
... The static analysis includes the calculation of static loads of any value, or combination in accordance with the theories of first - and second order for linear and non-linear ... Furthermore, the dynamic analysis include the calculation of eigenvalues and mode shapes as well as their processing in various modal response methods - for the analysis of, for example, earthquakes and ...
Liu Hui's π Algorithm - Quick Method
... Calculation of square roots of irrational numbers was not an easy task in the third century with counting rods ... quite happy with this result because he had acquired the same result with the calculation for a 1536-gon, obtaining the area of a 3072-gon ... After all calculation of square roots was not a simple task with rod calculus ...

Famous quotes containing the word calculation:

    “To my thinking” boomed the Professor, begging the question as usual, “the greatest triumph of the human mind was the calculation of Neptune from the observed vagaries of the orbit of Uranus.”
    “And yours,” said the P.B.
    Samuel Beckett (1906–1989)

    Common sense is the measure of the possible; it is composed of experience and prevision; it is calculation appled to life.
    Henri-Frédéric Amiel (1821–1881)