British Rail

British Railways (BR), which from 1965 traded as British Rail, was the operator of most of the rail transport in Great Britain between 1948 and 1997. It was formed from the nationalisation of the "Big Four" British railway companies and lasted until the gradual privatisation of British Rail, in stages between 1994 and 1997. Originally a trading brand of the Railway Executive of the British Transport Commission, it became an independent statutory corporation in 1962: the British Railways Board.

The period of nationalisation saw sweeping changes in the national railway network. A process of dieselisation occurred that eliminated steam locomotion in 1968, in favour of diesel and electric power. Passengers replaced freight as the main source of business, and one third of the network was closed by the Beeching Axe of the 1960s.

The British Rail "double arrow" logo is formed of two interlocked arrows showing the direction of travel on a double track railway and was nicknamed "the arrow of indecision". It is now employed as a generic symbol on street signs in Great Britain denoting railway stations, and as part of the Association of Train Operating Companies' jointly-managed National Rail brand is still being printed on railway tickets.

Read more about British Rail:  Network, Preserved Railway Lines, Ships, Successor Companies

Other articles related to "british rail, rail, british":

London Regional Transport - History
... including inclusion of the separately managed British Rail services ... the Capitalcard season ticket was launched, offering validity on British Rail as well as London Underground and London Buses ... brand ended in January 1989 when the Travelcard gained validity on British Rail ...
Accumulator Railcar - United Kingdom
... Battery electric railcars used by British Rail included the British Rail BEMU and British Rail Class 419 ... could work either on batteries or a third rail ...
Seaspeed
... Seaspeed was the joint hovercraft operations of British Rail (under British Rail Hovercraft Limited) in association with the French SNCF ... British Rail Hovercraft Limited was established in 1965, under authority given to it by the British Railways Act 1967 and started its first service in ...
Senior Railcard - History
... During the early 1970s, some of British Rail's Regions offered a series of small, localised travel promotions for people of or near retirement age ... This took the form of a large, thin card (British Rail form number BR 24889A ) with a pre-printed expiry date of 31 March 1976 (so Railcards issued later in 1975 were valid for less than a full year), on ... fares were included 25% discounts on some Sealink ferry services, operated at the time by British Rail At first, the Railcard cost £4.32 (£4.00 + 8% value added tax ...
British Rail - Successor Companies
... See also History of rail transport in Great Britain 1995 to date Under the process of British Rail's privatisation, operations were split into more than 100 companies ... The Telecomms infrastructure and British Rail Telecommunications was sold to Racal, which in turn was sold to Global Crossing and merged with Thales Group ... British Rail's passenger services came to an end upon the franchising of ScotRail the final train that the company operated was a Railfreight Distribution ...

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    William Congreve (1670–1729)

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