In mathematics, an **average** is a measure of the "middle" or "typical" value of a data set. It is thus a measure of central tendency.

In the most common case, the data set is a list of numbers. The average of a list of numbers is a single number intended to typify the numbers in the list. If all the numbers in the list are the same, then this number should be used. If the numbers are not the same, the average is calculated by combining the numbers from the list in a specific way and computing a single number as being the average of the list.

Many different descriptive statistics can be chosen as a measure of the central tendency of the data items. These include the arithmetic mean, the median, and the mode. Other statistics, such as the standard deviation and the range, are called measures of spread and describe how spread out the data is.

The most common statistic is the arithmetic mean, but depending on the nature of the data other types of central tendency may be more appropriate. For example, the median is used most often when the distribution of the values is skewed with a small number of very high or low values, as seen with house prices or incomes. It is also used when extreme values are likely to be anomalous or less reliable than the other values (e.g. as a result of measurement error), because the median takes less account of extreme values than the mean does.

Read more about Average: Calculation, Types, Solutions To Variational Problems, Miscellaneous Types, In Data Streams, Average Values of Functions, Etymology

### Other articles related to "average, averages":

... Temperatures vary little throughout the months, with

**average**high temperatures of 80–90 °F (27–32 °C) and

**average**lows of 65–75 °F (18–24 °C) throughout the year ... Waters off the coast of Honolulu

**average**81 °F (27 °C) in the summer months and 77 °F (25 °C) in the winter months ... Annual

**average**rain is 21.1 in (540 mm), which mainly occurs during the winter months of October through early April, with very little rainfall during the summer ...

... stands at 35.1c (95.2f) recorded in August 2003, though in a more

**average**year the warmest day will only reach 29.4c (84.9f), with 13.8 days in total attaining ... All

**averages**refer to the 30 year observation period 1971-2000. 77.0) 17.8 (64.0) 16.4 (61.5) 35.1 (95.2)

**Average**high °C (°F) 6.5 (43.7) 7.1 (44.8) 10.0 (50.0) 12.2 (54.0) 15.9 (60.6) 18.7 (65.7) 21.5 (70.7) 21.8 ...

... The daily

**average**high and low temperatures for P'yongyang in January are −3 and −13 °C (27 and 9 °F) ... On

**average**, it snows thirty-seven days during the winter ... The daily

**average**high and low temperatures for Pyongyang in August are 29 and 20 °C (84 and 68 °F) ...

... generally occur during December-early March with an

**average**temperature of 9 °C (48.2 °F) for elevations between 500–600 metres (1,640–1,969 ft) ... On the Plateau the

**average**precipitation is 1,000 millimetres (39 in) with a range of about 800–1,300 millimetres (31.5–51.2 in) ... south of the Alps) typically have more precipitation, with an

**average**of 1,200–1,600 millimetres (47.2–63.0 in), while the high Alps may have over 2,500 ...

84 64 5.8 70 ... 5.4 73 ... 5.7 72 ... 4.5 68 ... 3.6 57 ... 4.8 48 ... 5.2 43 ...

**Average**max. 11 14 ... 18 ... 21 ... 23 ... 22 ... 20 ... 14 ... 9 ... 6 ...

**Average**max ... 4.9 74 ... 70 ... 3.9 61 ... 4.6 52 ... 4.6 46 ...

**Average**max ...

### Famous quotes containing the word average:

“Here is a golden Rule.... Write legibly. The *average* temper of the human race would be perceptibly sweetened, if everybody obeyed this Rule!”

—Lewis Carroll [Charles Lutwidge Dodgson] (1832–1898)

“All the *average* human being asks is something he can call a home; a family that is fed and warm; and now and then a little happiness; once in a long while an extravagance.”

—Mother Jones (1830–1930)

“The *average* American is a good sport, plays by the rules. But this war is no game. And no secret agent is a hero or a good sport—that is, no living agent.”

—John Monks, Jr., U.S. screenwriter, Sy Bartlett, and Henry Hathaway. Robert Sharkey (James Cagney)