Art criticism is the discussion or evaluation of visual art.
Art critics usually criticize art in the context of aesthetics or the theory of beauty. One of criticism's goals is the pursuit of a rational basis for art appreciation.
The variety of artistic movements has resulted in a division of art criticism into different disciplines, each using vastly different criteria for their judgements. The most common division in the field of criticism is between historical criticism and evaluation, a form of art history, and contemporary criticism of work by living artists.
Despite perceptions that art criticism is a much lower risk activity than making art, opinions of current art are always liable to drastic corrections with the passage of time. Critics of the past are often ridiculed for either favoring artists now derided (like the academic painters of the late 19th Century) or dismissing artists now venerated (like the early work of the Impressionists). Some art movements themselves were named disparagingly by critics, with the name later adopted as a sort of badge of honor by the artists of the style (e.g. Impressionism, Cubism), the original negative meaning forgotten.
John Ruskin famously compared one of James McNeill Whistler's paintings, Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket, to "flinging a pot of paint in the public's face".
Artists have often had an uneasy relationship with their critics. Artists usually need positive opinions from critics for their work to be viewed and purchased; unfortunately for the artists, only later generations may understand it.
Other articles related to "art criticism, art, art criticisms, criticism":
... Since in the early 21st century, online art critical websites and art blogs have cropped up around the world to add their voices to the art world ... like Facebook, Twitter and Google+ to introduce readers to their opinions about art criticism ...
... The Planet of Lost Things, for children 1983 The Art of the Real, art criticism, C ... Rembrandt Takes a Walk, for children 1987 William Bailey, art criticism, Abrams 1993 Contributor Within This Garden Photographs by Ruth Thorne-Thomsen, Columbia College Chicago ...
... The Art of Thomas Merton ... Angelic Mistakes The Art of Thomas Merton ... Owensboro Museum of Fine Art (Ky.) (1989) ...
... Fitger was regarded as an important person in art in Bremen around 1900 ... His art criticisms, published in the press, had a lasting influence on Hanseatic taste in art ... of the Kunstverein, and kept a conservative outlook on art ...
... Updike was also a critic of literature and art, one frequently cited as one of the best American critics of his generation ... collection of prose, he listed his personal rules for literary criticism 1 ... Updike was praised for his literary criticism's conventional simplicity and profundity, for being an aestheticist critic who saw literature on its own terms, and for his longtime ...
Famous quotes containing the words criticism and/or art:
“I am opposed to writing about the private lives of living authors and psychoanalyzing them while they are alive. Criticism is getting all mixed up with a combination of the Junior F.B.I.- men, discards from Freud and Jung and a sort of Columnist peep- hole and missing laundry list school.... Every young English professor sees gold in them dirty sheets now. Imagine what they can do with the soiled sheets of four legal beds by the same writer and you can see why their tongues are slavering.”
—Ernest Hemingway (18991961)
“But the nature of our civilized minds is so detached from the senses, even in the vulgar, by abstractions corresponding to all the abstract terms our languages abound in, and so refined by the art of writing, and as it were spiritualized by the use of numbers, because even the vulgar know how to count and reckon, that it is naturally beyond our power to form the vast image of this mistress called Sympathetic Nature.”
—Giambattista Vico (16881744)