Art criticism is the discussion or evaluation of visual art.
Art critics usually criticize art in the context of aesthetics or the theory of beauty. One of criticism's goals is the pursuit of a rational basis for art appreciation.
The variety of artistic movements has resulted in a division of art criticism into different disciplines, each using vastly different criteria for their judgements. The most common division in the field of criticism is between historical criticism and evaluation, a form of art history, and contemporary criticism of work by living artists.
Despite perceptions that art criticism is a much lower risk activity than making art, opinions of current art are always liable to drastic corrections with the passage of time. Critics of the past are often ridiculed for either favoring artists now derided (like the academic painters of the late 19th Century) or dismissing artists now venerated (like the early work of the Impressionists). Some art movements themselves were named disparagingly by critics, with the name later adopted as a sort of badge of honor by the artists of the style (e.g. Impressionism, Cubism), the original negative meaning forgotten.
John Ruskin famously compared one of James McNeill Whistler's paintings, Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket, to "flinging a pot of paint in the public's face".
Artists have often had an uneasy relationship with their critics. Artists usually need positive opinions from critics for their work to be viewed and purchased; unfortunately for the artists, only later generations may understand it.
Other articles related to "art, art criticism, art criticisms, criticism":
... by Donald Hall, University of Michigan Press 1982 The Planet of Lost Things, for children 1983 The Art of the Real, art criticism, C ... a Walk, for children 1987 William Bailey, art criticism, Abrams 1993 Contributor Within This Garden Photographs by Ruth Thorne-Thomsen, Columbia College Chicago/Aperture Foundation 1994 Hopper, art criticism ...
... The Art of Thomas Merton ... Angelic Mistakes The Art of Thomas Merton ... Owensboro Museum of Fine Art (Ky.) (1989) ...
... Since in the early 21st century, online art critical websites and art blogs have cropped up around the world to add their voices to the art world ... like Facebook, Twitter and Google+ to introduce readers to their opinions about art criticism ...
... Fitger was regarded as an important person in art in Bremen around 1900 ... His art criticisms, published in the press, had a lasting influence on Hanseatic taste in art ... was chairman of the Kunstverein, and kept a conservative outlook on art ...
... Updike was also a critic of literature and art, one frequently cited as one of the best American critics of his generation ... Pieces, his 1975 collection of prose, he listed his personal rules for literary criticism 1 ... Updike was praised for his literary criticism's conventional simplicity and profundity, for being an aestheticist critic who saw literature on its own terms, and for his longtime commitment to the practice of ...
Famous quotes containing the words criticism and/or art:
“A bad short story or novel or poem leaves one comparatively calm because it does not exist, unless it gets a fake prestige through being mistaken for good work. It is essentially negative, it is something that has not come through. But over bad criticism one has a sense of real calamity.”
—Rebecca West (18921983)
“Shall I compare thee to a summers day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate.
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summers lease hath all too short a date.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)