Argan

The Argan (Argania spinosa) is a species of tree endemic to the calcareous semi-desert Sous valley of southwestern Morocco and to the Algerian region of Tindouf in the western Mediterranean region. It is the sole species in the genus Argania.

Argan grows to 8–10 metres high and live up to 150–200 years. They are thorny, with gnarled trunks. The leaves are small, 2–4 cm long, oval with a rounded apex. The flowers are small, with five pale yellow-green petals; flowering is in April. The fruit is 2–4 cm long and 1.5–3 cm broad, with a thick, bitter peel surrounding a sweet-smelling but unpleasantly flavoured layer of pulpy pericarp. This surrounds the very hard nut, which contains one (occasionally two or three) small, oil-rich seeds. The fruit takes over a year to mature, ripening in June to July of the following year.

Read more about ArganCultivation, Uses

Other articles related to "argan":

Chronicles Of An Age Of Darkness - Setting - Geography
... Argan ... However, this failed, and the Swarms proceeded in invade Argan ... to form an oppressive Empire, which ruled Argan until they were overthrown and the Empire of Wizards reformed as the Confederation of Wizards (a commercial rather than political ...
Argan Oil
... Argan oil is a plant oil produced from the kernels of the argan tree (Argania spinosa L.), endemic to Morocco, that is valued for its nutritive, cosmetic ...
Argan Oil - Impacts
... The production of argan oil is beginning to have noticeable environmental and social impacts ... Argan oil production means that argan trees are now seen as a valuable resource ... The labour-intensive nature of argan oil production, now frequently carried out by women’s co-operatives, has provided a steady income for many women ...
Uses - Argan Oil
... Argan oil is produced by several women's co-operatives in the southwestern parts of Morocco ... Argan oil is used for dipping bread, on couscous, salads and similar uses ... A dip for bread known as amlou is made from argan oil, almonds and peanuts, sometimes sweetened by honey or sugar ...
Argan Oil - Impacts - Environmental Impacts
... The Argan tree provides food, shelter and protection from desertification ... The canopy of the argan tree also provides shade for other agricultural products and its leaves and fruit provide food for animals ... The argan tree also helps landscape stability, helping to prevent soil erosion, providing shade for pasture grasses and helping to replenish aquifers ...