Anatomy (from the Ancient Greek ἀνατέμνειν, anatemnein: ana, "separate, apart from", and temnein, "to cut up, cut open") is a branch of biology and medicine that considers the structure of living things. It is a general term that includes human anatomy, animal anatomy (zootomy), and plant anatomy (phytotomy). In some of its facets anatomy is closely related to embryology, comparative anatomy and comparative embryology, through common roots in evolution.
Anatomy is subdivided into gross anatomy (or macroscopic anatomy) and microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy is the study of anatomical structures that can, when suitably presented or dissected, be seen by unaided vision with the naked eye. Microscopic anatomy is the study of minute anatomical structures on a microscopic scale. It includes histology (the study of tissues), and cytology (the study of cells). The terms microanatomy and histology are also sometimes used synonymously (in which case the distinction between histology and cell biology isn't strictly made as described here).
The history of anatomy has been characterized, over time, by a continually developing understanding of the functions of organs and structures in the body. Methods have also improved dramatically, advancing from examination of animals through dissection of cadavers (dead human bodies) to technologically complex techniques developed in the 20th century including X-ray, ultrasound, and MRI.
Anatomy should not be confused with anatomical pathology (also called morbid anatomy or histopathology), which is the study of the gross and microscopic appearances of diseased organs.
Other articles related to "anatomy":
... A relationship between the somatosensory cortical areas and their projection of the body was discovered by recording electrical activity in the human cortex after mechanosensory stimulation of different body parts during neurosurgical procedures ... These data led to the construction of somatotopic maps in which a Somatotopic arrangement was generated ...
... their careers as prosectors working for lecturers and demonstrators in anatomy and pathology ... dissection prepared by a prosector – a person who is well versed in anatomy and who therefore prepares a specimen so that others may study and learn anatomy from it ...
... be seen in the latter's belief that surgeons should have a thorough understanding of anatomy ... He wrote, "A surgeon who does not know his anatomy is like a blind man carving a log" ...
... Comparative anatomy relates to the comparison of anatomical structures (both gross and microscopic) in different animals ... Anthropological anatomy or physical anthropology relates to the comparison of the anatomy of different races of humans ... Artistic anatomy relates to anatomic studies for artistic reasons ...
... The mouth is lined by a black colored mucosa, although the large and heavy tongue is pink ... The palate is wrinkled in texture, and the tongue is lined with numerous grooves, apparently adaptations to the sloth's diet ...
Famous quotes containing the word anatomy:
“I love to see, when leaves depart,
The clear anatomy arrive,”
—Roy Campbell (19021957)
“Man is a shrewd inventor, and is ever taking the hint of a new machine from his own structure, adapting some secret of his own anatomy in iron, wood, and leather, to some required function in the work of the world.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“But a man must keep an eye on his servants, if he would not have them rule him. Man is a shrewd inventor, and is ever taking the hint of a new machine from his own structure, adapting some secret of his own anatomy in iron, wood, and leather, to some required function in the work of the world. But it is found that the machine unmans the user. What he gains in making cloth, he loses in general power.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)