Acyl

Acyl

An acyl group is a functional group derived by the removal of one or more hydroxyl groups from an oxoacid, including inorganic acids.

In organic chemistry, the acyl group is usually derived from a carboxylic acid (IUPAC name: alkanoyl). Therefore, it has the formula RCO-, where R represents an alkyl group that is attached to the CO group with a single bond. Although the term is almost always applied to organic compounds, acyl groups can in principle be derived from other types of acids such as sulfonic acids, phosphonic acids. In the most common arrangement, acyl groups are attached to a larger molecular fragment, in which case the carbon and oxygen atoms are linked by a double bond.

Read more about AcylAcyl Compounds, Acylium Cations, Anions, and Radicals, In Biochemistry, In Organometallic Chemistry and Catalysis, Nomenclature, Acyl Species

Other articles related to "acyl":

Acyl Species
... In acyloxy groups the acyl group is bonded to oxygen R-C(=O)-O-R' where R-C(=O) is the acyl group ...
Long-chain-fatty-acid-(acyl-carrier-protein) Ligase
... an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + an acid + AMP + diphosphate + acyl- The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, acid, and acyl-carrier-protein, whereas its 3 products are AMP, diphosphate, and ]] ... Other names in common use include acyl- synthetase, acyl- synthetase, acyl-ACP synthetase, acyl-synthetase, stearoyl-ACP synthetase, and acyl-acyl carrier protein ...
Long-chain-fatty-acyl-glutamate Deacylase
... In enzymology, a long-chain-fatty-acyl-glutamate deacylase (EC 3.5.1.55) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction N-long-chain-fatty-acyl-L-glutamate + H2O a long-chain ... name of this enzyme class is N-long-chain-fatty-acyl-L-glutamate amidohydrolase ... Other names in common use include long-chain aminoacylase, long-chain-fatty-acyl-glutamate deacylase, long-chain acylglutamate amidase, and N-acyl-D-glutamate deacylase ...
Sterol O-acyltransferase - Yeast
... In yeast, acyl-CoAsterol acyltransferase (ASAT) is functionally equivalent to ACAT ... in vitro and in yeast suggest that the acyl-CoA binding protein (ACBP) may modulate long-chain fatty acyl-CoA (LCFA-CoA) distribution, the physiological function in mammals is unresolved ...
Long-chain-fatty-acyl-Co A Reductase
... In enzymology, a long-chain-fatty-acyl-CoA reductase (EC 1.2.1.50) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction a long-chain aldehyde + CoA + NADP+ a long-chain acyl-CoA + NADPH + H+ The 3 substrates ... of this enzyme class is long-chain-aldehydeNADP+ oxidoreductase (acyl-CoA-forming) ... Other names in common use include acyl-CoA reductase, and acyl coenzyme A reductase ...