The Acadians (French: Acadiens, ) are the descendants of the 17th-century French colonists who settled in Acadia, a colony of New France. The colony was located in what is now Eastern Canadas Maritime provinces (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island), as well as part of Quebec, and present-day Maine to the Kennebec River. Although today most of the Acadians and Québécois are French speaking (francophone) Canadians, Acadia was a distinct colony of New France, and was geographically and administratively separate from the French colony of Canada (modern day Quebec), which led to Acadians and Québécois developing two rather distinct histories and cultures. The settlers whose descendants became Acadians came from "all the regions of France but coming predominantly directly from the cities".

Prior to the British Conquest of Acadia in 1710, the Acadians lived for almost 80 years in Acadia. After the Conquest, they lived under British rule for the next forty-five years. During the French and Indian War, British colonial officers and New England legislators and militia carried out the Great Expulsion of 1755–1763. They deported approximately 11,500 Acadians from the maritime region. Approximately one-third perished from disease and drowning. Although one historian compared this event to contemporary ethnic cleansing, other historians suggested that the event is comparable with other deportations in history.

Many later settled in Louisiana, where they became known as Cajuns. Others were transported to France, though some of those were resettled to Louisiana by Henri Peyroux de la Coudreniere. Later on many Acadians returned to the Maritime provinces of Canada, most specifically New Brunswick. Most who returned ended up in New Brunswick because they were barred by the British from resettling their lands and villages in the land that became Nova Scotia. This was a British policy to assimilate them with the local populations where they resettled.

Acadians speak a dialect of French called Acadian French. Many of those in the Moncton, New Brunswick area speak Chiac and English. The Louisiana Cajun descendants mostly speak English, with a distinct local dialect known as Cajun English being prominent, but some still speak Cajun French, a French dialect developed in Louisiana.

Read more about AcadiansPre-Deportation History, Geography, Culture, Prominent Acadians

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Charles Deschamps De Boishébert Et De Raffetot
... known as Courrier du Bois, Bois Hebert), was the leader of the Acadian resistance to the Expulsion of the Acadians ... He settled and tried to protect Acadians refugees along the rivers of New Brunswick ... National Park on Beaubears Island, New Brunswick he settled refugee Acadians during the Expulsion of the Acadians ...
Battle Of Petitcodiac - Background
... British troops and colonial militia made forays into the surrounding countryside, rounding up Acadians and destroying their settlements ... Some of the Acadians surrendered, while others fled from the coastal communities into the interior, where they joined with local Mi'kmaq and Maliseet Indians in resisting the British deportation ... Based in the Miramichi River valley, he helped Acadians fleeing the British deportation operations escape to Quebec ...
Prominent Acadians
... Notable Acadians in the 18th century include Noel Doiron (1684–1758) ... Noel was one of more than 350 Acadians that perished on the Duke William on December 13, 1758 ... as the "father of the whole island", a reference to Noel's place of prominence among the Acadian residents of Isle St ...
Maitland, Hants County, Nova Scotia - Acadians
... Peters), son of Jean Denis Pitre, prior to the Acadian Exodus ... Oral tradition states that the Oak Island Graveyard was an Acadian burial ground, which was consecrated by Abbe Jean-Louis Le Loutre ... to the cemetery in Maitland is the old Acadian roadway ...
Selma, Nova Scotia - Acadians
... The LeJeune Family lived in Selma prior to the Acadian Exodus from the area in 1750 during Father Le Loutre's War ...