Yugoslav National Party

The Yugoslav National Party (Serbo-Croatian and Slovenian: Jugoslovenska nacionalna stranka, Serbian Cyrillic: Југословенска национална странка, JNS) was a political party in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1932 and 1941. It was established under the name Yugoslav Radical Peasants' Democracy as a regime party of Alexander I of Yugoslavia.

On January 6, 1929, the king dissolved the Parliament and abolished the constitution, and banning all political parties. This became known as the January 6th Dictatorship. In 1931, a new constitution was put into place, allowing partial political freedoms. However, most of the political power remained in the power of the King and the government, appointed by him.

In May 1932, the Yugoslav Radical Peasants' Democracy was established as a regime party under the leadership of Petar Živković. It was formed mostly by dissident members of the Democratic Party and the People's Radical Party, as well as the Slovenian section of the Independent Democratic Party and the right wing of the Slovenian Peasant's Party. Individual members from other parties, and from nationalist organizations like Orjuna also joined. In June 1933, it was renamed to Yugoslav National Party, and adopted a program stressing the unity of the Yugoslav nation, centralized government and secularism.

From 1932 to 1935, the party formed the nation's government. Petar Živković, Milan Srškić and Nikola Uzunović were the country's prime ministers while the party was in power. After King Alexander was assassinated in 1934, the party assumed most of the powers. However, the economic and political instability of the country, and fierce opposition from Croatia challenged the party's power. Elections were called in 1935; although they were not free, the regime party suffered a serious setback. A former member of the Yugoslav National Party Milan Stojadinović formed a new regime party, called Yugoslav Radical Community, based on a more conservative political alliance, which included Bosnian Muslims and Slovenian right-wing Catholics. The Yugoslav National Party went into opposition, where it remained until 1941.

Political parties in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–1943)
  • Agrarian Party
  • Bunjevac-Šokac Party
  • Džemijet
  • German Party
  • Independent Agrarian Party
  • Independent Democratic Party
  • People's Radical Party
  • Croatian Popular Party
  • Democratic Party
  • Slovene People's Party
  • Slovene Peasant Party
  • Montenegrin Federalist Party
  • Croatian Peasant Party
  • Yugoslav Radical Union
  • Yugoslav National Movement
  • Yugoslav Muslim Organization
  • Communist Party of Yugoslavia
  • Yugoslav National Party
  • Party of Rights

Famous quotes containing the words national and/or party:

    The Federated Republic of Europe—the United States of Europe—that is what must be. National autonomy no longer suffices. Economic evolution demands the abolition of national frontiers. If Europe is to remain split into national groups, then Imperialism will recommence its work. Only a Federated Republic of Europe can give peace to the world.
    Leon Trotsky (1879–1940)

    If the Party could thrust its hand into the past and say of this or that event, it never happened—that, surely, was more terrifying than mere torture and death. ... “Who controls the past,” ran the Party slogan,”controls the future: who controls the present controls the past.”
    George Orwell (1903–1950)