x86 assembly language is a family of backward-compatible assembly languages, which provide some level of compatibility all the way back to the Intel 8008. x86 assembly languages are used to produce object code for the x86 class of processors, which includes Intel's Core series and AMD's Phenom and Phenom II series. Like all assembly languages, it uses short mnemonics to represent the fundamental instructions that the CPU in a computer can understand and follow. Compilers sometimes produce assembly code as an intermediate step when translating a high level program into machine code. Regarded as a programming language, assembly coding is machine-specific and low level. Assembly languages are more typically used for detailed and/or time critical applications such as small real-time embedded systems or operating system kernels and device drivers.
Read more about X86 Assembly Language: History, Mnemonics and Opcodes, Syntax, Registers, Segmented Addressing, Execution Modes, Instruction Types, Program Flow
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