Rosa Luxemburg (Rosalia Luxemburg, Polish: Róża Luksemburg; 5 March 1871, Zamość, Vistula Land, Russia – 15 January 1919, Berlin, Germany) was a Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist and revolutionary socialist of Polish Jewish descent who became a naturalized German citizen. She was successively a member of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania (SDKPiL), the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), the Independent Social Democratic Party (USPD), and the Communist Party of Germany (KPD).
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Famous quotes containing the words rosa luxemburg, rosa and/or luxemburg:
“We are all dead men on leave.”
—Eugene Leviné, Russian Jew, friend of Rosa Luxemburgs lover, Jogiches. quoted in Men in Dark Times, Rosa Luxemburg: 1871-1919, sct. 3, Hannah Arendt (1968)
“If Rosa Parks had taken a poll before she sat down in that bus in Montgomery, shed still be standing.”
—Mary Frances Berry (b. 1938)
“That is Lenin. Look at the self-willed, stubborn head. A real Russian peasants head with a few faintly Asiatic lines. That man will try to overturn mountains. Perhaps he will be crushed by them. But he will never yield.”
—Rosa Luxemburg (18711919)