Vascular plants (also known as tracheophytes or higher plants) form a large group of plants that are very roughly defined. Vascular plants are those plants that have lignified tissues for conducting water, minerals, and photosynthetic products through the plant. Vascular plants include the clubmosses, Equisetum, ferns, gymnosperms (including conifers) and angiosperms (flowering plants). Scientific names for the group include Tracheophyta and Tracheobionta.
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“If a plant cannot live according to its nature, it dies; and so a man.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)