Ugric Languages - Lexical Features

Lexical Features

The Ugric languages share considerable amounts of common lexicon not found in the other Uralic languages. This includes both basic vocabulary, e.g. "fire" (Hungarian tűz, Mansi таўт /taːwt/, Khanty тут /tut/) as well as more specialized terminology, particularly the word for "horse" (H ló, lov-, M луў /luw/, Kh лав /law/) and related items such as "saddle" (H nyerëg, M нагэр /naɣər/). This latter fact together with an importance of horse motifs in Ob-Ugric folklore has been used to argue for locating Proto-Ugric in the southernmost parts of Siberia, in close contact with nomadic steppe peoples if not nomadic themselves. Some loanwords from such sources into Ugric are known as well, perhaps most prominently the numeral "7": *θäpt(V) → H hét, M сат /sat/, Kh тапәт /tapət/ (from an Indo-Iranian source; cf. Sanskrit /saptán/, Avestan /hapta/).

Names of two of the peoples are cognate as well: Hungarian magyar "Hungarian" can be equated with Mansi (from an original root *mäńć-). A related dialectal word in Khanty denotes a specific phratry.

—A common derivational innovation is seen in the word for "louse": Proto-Uralic *täji → *tä(j)-ktVmV → H tetű, M такэм, Kh тевтәм.

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