The American specification was available with either SOHC or DOHC engines. From 1985 to 1988, NUMMI in Fremont, California built a rebadged version of the Sprinter sedan sold by Chevrolet as the Chevrolet Nova. During calendar 1985, Corolla sedans and Sprinter-type 5-door hatchbacks (sold under both Nova and Corolla nameplates) were added, with the Toyota-branded US built cars gradually superseding imports from Japan and Nova hatchbacks being offered from the 1986 model year. All rear-wheel drive coupé models continued to be imported from Japan, as was the Corolla FX hatchback launched for 1987 and replacing the 3-door AE86. Nova's successor, the Geo Prizm was another rebadged Corolla selling in the United States from 1989 to 2002.
While all the rear-wheel drive 80-series Corollas were AE86 chassis in North America, the VINs differentiated between the three equipment levels: the DX got AE85, the SR-5 got AE86, and the GT-S received an AE88 VIN.
North American market engines:
- 1C 1.8 L I4, diesel, mechanical injection, 58 hp (43 kW) (1984–85)
- 4A-C 1.6 L I4, 8-valve SOHC, carb, 90 hp (67 kW)
- 4A-GE 1.6 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, EFI, 112 hp (86 kW)
North American market chassis:
- AE82 — FWD sedan 4-door, hatchback (Std, LE, LE Ltd, SR-5) 3-door (FX/FX16)
- AE86 — RWD coupé 2-door, 3-door hatchback coupé (DX and SR-5 with 4A-C, GT-S w/ 4A-GE)
- CE80 — FWD sedan 4-door (very rare)
Read more about this topic: Toyota Corolla (E80)
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