South Vietnam - Leaders


  • 1946–47 Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina (Chính phủ Cộng hoà Nam Kỳ tự trị). The creation of this republic allowed France to evade a promise to recognise Vietnam as independent.
  • Nguyễn Văn Thinh (1946)
  • 1947–48 Republic of South Vietnam (Chánh phủ lâm thời Nam phần Việt Nam). The Vietnamese name acknowledges Cochinchina as a unit within Vietnam.
  • Nguyễn Văn Xuân (1947–48)
  • 1948–49 Provisional Central Government of Vietnam (Thủ tướng lâm thời Quốc gia Việt Nam). This "pre-Vietnam" government prepared for a unified Vietnamese state.
  • Nguyễn Văn Xuân (1948–49)
  • 1949–55 State of Vietnam (Quốc gia Việt Nam). Internationally recognized in 1950. Vietnam was partitioned at the 17th parallel in 1954.
  • Bảo Đại (1949–55). Abdicated as emperor in 1945.
  • 1955–75 Republic of Vietnam (Việt Nam Cộng Hòa). Fought Vietnam War (1959–75) against Hanoi.
  • Ngô Đình Diệm (1955–63). Once highly lauded by America, he was ousted and assassinated in a U.S.-backed coup.
  • In 1963–65, there were numerous coups and short-lived governments, several of which were headed by Dương Văn Minh or Nguyễn Khánh.
  • Nguyễn Văn Thiệu (1965–75). Prime Minister Nguyễn Cao Kỳ was the top leader in 1965–67.
  • Trần Văn Hương (1975).
  • Dương Văn Minh (2nd time) (1975). Surrendered to Communists when others abandoned their posts.
  • 1975–76 Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam (Chính phủ Cách mạng lâm thời Cộng hoà miền Nam Việt Nam). Authority nominal as South was occupied by the People's Army of Vietnam.
  • Huỳnh Tấn Phát (1975–76)

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